Thimerosal Exposure & Increasing Trends of Premature Puberty in the Vaccine Safety Datalink (Report)

Thimerosal Exposure & Increasing Trends of Premature Puberty in the Vaccine Safety Datalink (Report)

The US Department of Health and Human Services and the National Institute of Child Health and Development (NICHD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) estimate the historical incidence of premature puberty in the general population to be about one in 10,000 children (1). Premature puberty is characterized by sexual development before the age of […]

Risk of Hypoxia During Flexible Upper GI Endoscopy in Unsedated Patients of a Tertiary Care Public Sector Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan (Gastrointestinal) (Report)

Risk of Hypoxia During Flexible Upper GI Endoscopy in Unsedated Patients of a Tertiary Care Public Sector Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan (Gastrointestinal) (Report)

Byline: Asad Usman, Qaiser Jamal, Adeel-ur-Rehman Siddiqui, Shahzaib Pervez, Jahanzaib Pervez and Arfeen Durrani – Email: [email protected] ABSTRACT

The Relationship Between Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Levels and Chronic Kidney Disease Among Appalachian Adults (Scientific Article) (Report)

The Relationship Between Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Levels and Chronic Kidney Disease Among Appalachian Adults (Scientific Article) (Report)

Introduction Serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), an enzyme responsible for extracellular catabolism of glutathione and a marker of oxidative stress (1) has been shown to be associated with diabetes mellitus (2) and hypertension, (3) which are considered to be independent risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, few epidemiological studies have explored the independent relationship […]

Estimating the Burden of Disease Attributable to Low Fruit and Vegetable Intake in South Africa in 2000 (Original Articles) (Survey)

Estimating the Burden of Disease Attributable to Low Fruit and Vegetable Intake in South Africa in 2000 (Original Articles) (Survey)

Objectives. To estimate the burden of disease attributed to low fruit and vegetable intake by sex and age group in South Africa for the year 2000. Design. The analysis follows the World Health Organization comparative risk assessment (CRA) methodology. Population-attributable fractions were calculated from South African prevalence data from dietary surveys and applied to the […]

The Utility of an Intra-Operative Cystogram with a Simulated Voiding Phase After Endoscopic Treatment of Vesicoureteral Reflux (Scientific Article) (Report)

The Utility of an Intra-Operative Cystogram with a Simulated Voiding Phase After Endoscopic Treatment of Vesicoureteral Reflux (Scientific Article) (Report)

Introduction Vesicoureteral reflux affects one percent of children (1). Traditonally, low grade reflux has been managed with prophylactic antibiotics. Ureteroneocystotomy has been reserved for high grade reflux, children with breakthough urinary tract infections and children with reflux who develop renal scarring. The introduction of subureteral injection bulking agents by Matouschek has altered the management of […]