Behavioral addictions are an emerging phenomenon whose existence, except for pathological gambling, is questioned by the scientific community . Even gambling has been categorized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) as a condition affecting control of impulses and not as a problem of dependence . Regardless of how they are classified, the study of behavioral addictions is interesting in and of itself and as a way of gaining an increased understanding of the psychological aspects of substance addiction. One behavioral addiction that has received considerable media attention is the pathological use of certain information and communications technologies (ICT), such as the Internet, cell phones, and video games. The media tend to highlight the negative consequences and addictive properties of these technologies, often on the basis of single cases or opinions that are difficult to validate . The Internet and the media also report on specialized clinics that treat these addictions in countries as widely dispersed as the United States [4, 5], China [6, 7], Germany , and Spain . Consequently, the public may come to believe in excessive use of these technologies or maladaptations, both common phenomena in the adaptation to new technologies.