A Comparative Risk Assessment for South Africa in 2000: Towards Promoting Health and Preventing Disease (Overviews)

A Comparative Risk Assessment for South Africa in 2000: Towards Promoting Health and Preventing Disease (Overviews)

A landmark project of the Medical Research Council, the first South African National Burden of Disease (SA NBD) study, identified the underlying causes of premature mortality and morbidity experienced in South Africa in the year 2000. (1) These estimates were recently revised (2) on the basis of additional data to estimate the disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for single causes for the first time in South Africa. DALYs are a comprehensive measure of the disease burden combining the years of life lost (YLLs) as a result of premature mortality and years lived with disability (YLDs) related to illness or injury. (3) Compared with the use of mortality as a measure of disease burden, DALYs also capture the contributions of conditions that do not result in large numbers of deaths. For example, mental health disorders have a large disability component relative to the number of deaths. The SA NBD study highlighted the fact that despite levels of uncertainty there is important information to guide public health responses to improve the health of the nation. The next step was to undertake a comparative risk assessment (CRA) to estimate the contribution made by selected risk factors, as was done globally in the World Health Report of 2002. (4) In order to protect and improve health, there is a need for much more emphasis on preventing disease and injury and on the causal determinants of health. CRA methodology, developed by the World Health Organization (WHO), is a standardised and systematic approach to estimate the contributions of risk factors, at various levels of causality to the burden of disease within a unified framework. (5) Reliable and comparable analysis of risks to health provides information on the relative contribution of individual risk factors, which can be used to guide a health sector-led response to promoting health and preventing disease and injury. Although the global assessment gives an indication of the risk factor profile that can be expected for South Africa, only a national assessment of the burden of disease and risk factor data can provide valid information for health service planning. In combination with information on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness as well as the local applicability and appropriateness of interventions, it can contribute to the more rational use of limited resources to impact on the risk factors that determine the health of the nation.

A Comparative Risk Assessment for South Africa in 2000: Towards Promoting Health and Preventing Disease (Overviews)



Here is Download Link

Violence Prevention In Low And Middle Income Countries


Violence Prevention In Low And Middle Income Countries Read Online Download

Author by : Institute of Medicine
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2008-01-22
Publisher by : National Academies Press






Global Health Risks


Global Health Risks Read Online Download

Author by : World Health Organization
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2009
Publisher by : World Health Organization






The Handbook Of Homicide


The Handbook Of Homicide Read Online Download

Author by : Fiona Brookman
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2017-03-29
Publisher by : John Wiley & Sons






Clinical Men S Health E Book


Clinical Men S Health E Book Read Online Download

Author by : Joel J. Heidelbaugh
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2007-10-22
Publisher by : Elsevier Health Sciences






The Global Burden Of Disease A Comprehensive Assessment Of Mortality And Disability From Diseases Injuries And Risk Factors In 1990 And Projected To 2020


The Global Burden Of Disease A Comprehensive Assessment Of Mortality And Disability From Diseases Injuries And Risk Factors In 1990 And Projected To 2020 Read Online Download

Author by : Christopher J. L. Murray
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 1996
Publisher by :






Comparative Quantification Of Health Risks Sexual And Reproductive Health


Comparative Quantification Of Health Risks Sexual And Reproductive Health Read Online Download

Author by : Majid Ezzati
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2004
Publisher by : World Health Organization






Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments


Preventing Disease Through Healthy Environments Read Online Download

Author by : Annette Prüss-Üstün
Languange Used : en
Release Date : 2016
Publisher by : World Health Organization






Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *