Dietary Factors Affecting Iron Status of Children Residing in Rural West Virginia (Scientific Article) (Clinical Report)
Introduction The goal for Healthy People 2010 is to reduce the prevalence of iron deficiency to 5% of children aged 1 to 2 years (1). Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 1999-2000 indicated that 7% of children aged 1 to 2 years were iron deficient and 2% had iron-deficiency anemia (2). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention monitor the prevalence of anemia in low-income infants and children using the Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System (PedNSS). Based on PedNSS data, in 2001 the prevalence of anemia among West Virginia infants younger than 12 months of age was 7.4%, up from 6.8% in 1998. The prevalence of anemia for toddlers aged 12 to 18 months was 7.0 % (3). Iron deficiency is a common, although not the sole, cause of anemia in young children.