Estimating the Burden of Disease Attributable to Unsafe Water and Lack of Sanitation and Hygiene in South Africa in 2000 (Original Articles)

Estimating the Burden of Disease Attributable to Unsafe Water and Lack of Sanitation and Hygiene in South Africa in 2000 (Original Articles)

Objectives. To estimate the burden of disease attributable to unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene (WSH) by age group for South Africa in 2000. Design. World Health Organization comparative risk assessment methodology was used to estimate the disease burden attributable to an exposure by comparing the observed risk factor distribution with a theoretical lowest possible population distribution. A scenario-based approach was applied for estimating diarrhoeal disease burden from unsafe WSH. Six exposure scenarios were defined based on the type of water and sanitation infrastructure and environmental faecal-oral pathogen load. For ‘intestinal parasites’ and schistosomiasis, the burden was assumed to be 100% attributable to exposure to unsafe WSH.

Estimating the Burden of Disease Attributable to Unsafe Water and Lack of Sanitation and Hygiene in South Africa in 2000 (Original Articles)



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