Facts and Ideas from Anywhere (From the Editor)
HEALTH CARE REFORM CIRCA 1935 In 1932, a Committee on the Costs of Medical Care, sponsored by the Milbank Fund and other foundations in New York, published a report in which a national program of health insurance was urged as a means of improving the quality of medical care in underprivileged areas in the USA (1). The report was highly publicized, and while its chief sponsors came from outside the medical profession, it was clear that public opinion had been influenced by the committee’s findings, and the federal government felt the repercussions. On June 29, 1934, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order establishing a Committee on Economic Security with instructions to report back to the president no later than December 1, 1934. The committee consisted of Frances Perkins, secretary of labor; Henry Morgenthau Jr., secretary of the treasury; Homer S. Cummings, attorney general; Henry Wallace, secretary of agriculture; and Harry L. Hopkins, Federal Relief Administration.