Leuconostoc Spp Sepsis in an Extremely Low Birth Weight Infant: A Case Report and Review of the Literature (Scientific Article) (Clinical Report)
Introduction Leuconostoc spp are gram-positive cocci known to be present in plant, milk, dairy products and wine (1). It was not until the 1980s that these organisms were noted to have association with human and animal diseases. In 1984, Coleman and Ball reported the isolation of Leuconostoc spp from blood cultures (2). In 1985, Buu-Hui et al recognized the in vitro resistance of this pathogen to vancomycin (3). Sporadic case reports of these organisms causing serious and sometimes fatal disease in all patient age groups have been previously reviewed by Capatepis et al in 1994 (4) and by Dhodapkar et al in 1996 (5). There were nine more pediatric case ([less than or equal to] 18 yr) reports in English literature since the review by Dhodapkar et al in 1996 (6-12). We report an extremely low birth infant with Leuconostoc bacteremia and review the case reports caused by this organism in the pediatric population.