Association Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Early Vascular Ageing In Tyrolean Adolescents Eva Tyrol Study

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Association Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Early Vascular Ageing In Tyrolean Adolescents Eva Tyrol Study


Association Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Early Vascular Ageing In Tyrolean Adolescents Eva Tyrol Study
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Association Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Early Vascular Ageing In Tyrolean Adolescents Eva Tyrol Study


Association Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Early Vascular Ageing In Tyrolean Adolescents Eva Tyrol Study
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Author :
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 2017



Association Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Early Vascular Ageing In Tyrolean Adolescents Eva Tyrol Study written by and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2017 with categories.


BACKGROUND AND AIM Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and has its origin early in life. The prevalence of classic CVD risk factors like smoking, overweight, hypertension and unfavorable blood lipids in childhood and adolescence is associated with an increased risk for CVD in adulthood. Therefore this study aims to assess vascular changes and predictors for early vascular ageing (EVA) in a large cohort of healthy Tyrolean adolescents.METHODS Volunteering Tyrolean schools and companies were invited to take part in this regional cohort study. Common risk factors for CVD like smoking, activity, and diet were assessed as well as anthropometric data (BMI, blood pressure) and blood lipids. Vascular changes were evaluated by measuring intima-media-thickness of the common carotid artery (cIMT) by high resolution ultrasound as a marker for subclinical atherosclerosis.RESULTS 1573 (691 male, 882 female) adolescents with a mean age of 16 years were included in this analysis. 1556 participants had ultrasound measurement of cIMT. In a multivariable linear regression analysis male sex, BMI, daily physical activity and systolic blood pressure showed a positive relation to mean cIMT. Maximum cIMT was predicted by sex, BMI and systolic blood pressure. CONCLUSION Risk factors for atherosclerosis are present in Tyrolean adolescents and are associated with early vascular aging. The positive association between physical activity and mean cIMT may be explained by a non-atherosclerotic adaptation process. Maximum cIMT as a marker for first atherosclerotic lesions is not affected by physical activity.

Early Vascular Aging Eva


Early Vascular Aging Eva
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Author : Peter M Nilsson
language : en
Publisher: Academic Press
Release Date : 2015-08-06



Early Vascular Aging Eva written by Peter M Nilsson and has been published by Academic Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2015-08-06 with Medical categories.


Early Vascular Aging (EVA): New Directions in Cardiovascular Protection brings together the last decade of research related to the characterization of EVA, as well as the predictive power of pulse wave velocity (PWV). The book presents a novel approach to the problem of cardiovascular disease, showing it in relation to great vessels disease and revealing a comprehensive approach to the problem of increased rigidity of the great vessels, its causes, and further consequences. Information provided is accompanied by online access to a supplemental website with video clips of anatomic specimens, cardiac imaging, and surgical procedures. Introduces the latest information on early vascular aging (EVA), complete with summaries of recent evidence and guidelines for relevant risk factor control Ideal reference for the study of vascular aging, pulse wave velocity, arteriosclerosis, EVA, arterial stiffness, vascular, PWV biomarkers, and cardiovascular disease Contains all the relevant information available from different fields of knowledge (from basic biology to epidemiology) in regard to EVA Provides evidence that leads to a new target for interventions, early vascular aging (EVA) in subjects with early onset increased arterial stiffness Includes online access to a supplemental website with video clips of anatomic specimens, cardiac imaging, and surgical procedures

Promoting Cardiovascular Health In The Developing World


Promoting Cardiovascular Health In The Developing World
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Author : Institute of Medicine
language : en
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date : 2010-07-29



Promoting Cardiovascular Health In The Developing World written by Institute of Medicine and has been published by National Academies Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2010-07-29 with Medical categories.


Cardiovascular disease (CVD), once thought to be confined primarily to industrialized nations, has emerged as a major health threat in developing countries. Cardiovascular disease now accounts for nearly 30 percent of deaths in low and middle income countries each year, and is accompanied by significant economic repercussions. Yet most governments, global health institutions, and development agencies have largely overlooked CVD as they have invested in health in developing countries. Recognizing the gap between the compelling evidence of the global CVD burden and the investment needed to prevent and control CVD, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) turned to the IOM for advice on how to catalyze change. In this report, the IOM recommends that the NHLBI, development agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and governments work toward two essential goals: creating environments that promote heart healthy lifestyle choices and help reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and building public health infrastructure and health systems with the capacity to implement programs that will effectively detect and reduce risk and manage CVD. To meet these goals, the IOM recommends several steps, including improving cooperation and collaboration; implementing effective and feasible strategies; and informing efforts through research and health surveillance. Without better efforts to promote cardiovascular health, global health as a whole will be undermined.

Young People S Health In Context


Young People S Health In Context
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Author : Candace Currie
language : en
Publisher: World Health Organization
Release Date : 2004-01-01



Young People S Health In Context written by Candace Currie and has been published by World Health Organization this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2004-01-01 with Health & Fitness categories.


This report is the first major presentation of the international data from the 2001/2002 HBSC survey. The survey covered the physical, emotional and psychological aspects of health, and the influences of the family, schools and peers on young people aged 11, 13 and 15 years in 35 countries and regions in the WHO European Region and North America. The main body of the report gives comprehensive cross-national data on health and well-being, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and sedentary behaviour, eating habits and body image, oral health, bullying and fighting, injuries and, for the first time, cannabis use and sexual health. Other chapters describe the contexts of young peoples health - socioeconomic inequality, puberty, relationships with family, peers, and schools - and discuss the implications of the surveys main findings for the future development of policies and programmes.

Health Professional Mobility And Health Systems


Health Professional Mobility And Health Systems
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Author : Matthias Wismar
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 2011



Health Professional Mobility And Health Systems written by Matthias Wismar and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2011 with Medical categories.


The mobility of health professionals affects the performance of health systems, and increasingly so since the European Union (EU) enlargements in 2004 and 2007. This publication presents research on the gaps in knowledge about the numbers, trends, impacts and policy responses to this dynamic situation, in particular in Austria, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey and the United Kingdom. Conducted within the framework of the European Commission s Health PROMeTHEUS project, the research posed a set of questions of key interest to policy-makers: * What are the scale and characteristics of health professional mobility in the EU? * What have been the effects of EU enlargement? * What are the motivations of the mobile workforce? * What are the resulting impacts on health system performance? * What is the policy relevance of those impacts? * What are the policy options to address health professional mobility issues? In answering these questions, this publication offers policymakers evidence of the nature and extent of health professional mobility in the EU, analyzes its impact on country health systems and outlines some major policy strategies to address mobility.

Beans Roots And Leaves


Beans Roots And Leaves
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Author : Paul Bernard Foley
language : en
Publisher: Tectum Verlag DE
Release Date : 2003



Beans Roots And Leaves written by Paul Bernard Foley and has been published by Tectum Verlag DE this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2003 with Antiparkinsonian agents categories.


Parkinsonism of various types has long been a debilitating and cruel affliction for significant numbers of people, and even today the cure remains elusive. The present volume explores the colorful and sometimes alarming history of the attempts to provide at least some relief from the symptoms of this disorder, commencing with interesting reports from ancient India and medieval Europe and continuing until the present time. Especial attention is devoted to L-DOPA therapy, still the leading pharmacological approach to the disorder more than forty years after its first application, and its place in the development of neurochemistry. But the employment of solanaceous plant alkaloid-based therapies, which dominated antiparkinsonian therapy until the mid-20th century, and the broad range of other approaches which found varying degrees of popularity, including those stimulated by the encephalitis epidemic which appeared in Europe during the First World War, are also discussed. The author concludes that antiparkinsonian therapy was never 'irrational', but was rather always determined by prevailing medical, pharmacological and scientific paradigms, so that its history is inextricably linked with experimental and clinical developments in these fields.

The Handbook Of Mummy Studies


The Handbook Of Mummy Studies
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Author : Dong Hoon Shin
language : en
Publisher: Springer
Release Date : 2021-10-26



The Handbook Of Mummy Studies written by Dong Hoon Shin and has been published by Springer this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2021-10-26 with Social Science categories.


Owing to their unique state of preservation, mummies provide us with significant historical and scientific knowledge of humankind’s past. This handbook, written by prominent international experts in mummy studies, offers readers a comprehensive guide to new understandings of the field’s most recent trends and developments. It provides invaluable information on the health states and pathologies of historic populations and civilizations, as well as their socio-cultural and religious characteristics. Addressing the developments in mummy studies that have taken place over the past two decades – which have been neglected for as long a time – the authors excavate the ground-breaking research that has transformed scientific and cultural knowledge of our ancient predecessors. The handbook investigates the many new biotechnological tools that are routinely applied in mummy studies, ranging from morphological inspection and endoscopy to minimally invasive radiological techniques that are used to assess states of preservation. It also looks at the paleoparasitological and pathological approaches that have been employed to reconstruct the lifestyles and pathologic conditions of ancient populations, and considers the techniques that have been applied to enhance biomedical knowledge, such as craniofacial reconstruction, chemical analysis, stable isotope analysis and ancient DNA analysis. This interdisciplinary handbook will appeal to academics in historical, anthropological, archaeological and biological sciences, and will serve as an indispensable companion to researchers and students interested in worldwide mummy studies.