Plasmodium Falciparum Gametocytaemia with Chloroquine Chemotherapy in Persistent Malaria in an Endemic Area of India (Report)

Plasmodium Falciparum Gametocytaemia with Chloroquine Chemotherapy in Persistent Malaria in an Endemic Area of India (Report)

Background & objectives: Gametocyte sex-ratio in Plasmodium falciparum malaria is an important determinant of transmission success and basis of disease epidemiology. Information on ratio of male to female gametocytes after an exposure of antimalarial regimens under field conditions is very limited. In this retrospective study we observed high densities of gametocytes along with high sex-ratio in P. falciparum cases, which may be responsible for persistent malaria transmission in this area. Methods: Laksar PHC of Hardwar district, Uttarakhand State, India was selected because it contributed 90 per cent of the total malaria cases. A total of 568 uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria patients were assessed to investigate prevalence of gametocytes while 339 P. falciparum thick smears containing 5620 gametocytes were screened for measuring the gametocyte density for microgametocyte (male) and macrogametocyte (female). Homology of variance (‘F’ test) was checked on days 7 and 14 including the variables and risk factors namely fever, parasitaemia, gametocyte carriage in sensitive and resistant chloroquine treated P. falciparum cases.

Plasmodium Falciparum Gametocytaemia with Chloroquine Chemotherapy in Persistent Malaria in an Endemic Area of India (Report)



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