Background & objectives: The control of anaemia in women of childbearing age is essential to prevent low birth weight and perinatal and maternal mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the anaemia prevalence and risk factors in women of reproductive age group in Nilufer Public Health Training and Research Area, Bursa, Turkey. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 530 women were selected using stratified random sampling among 6,506 women in 15-49 age group and 488 women (92.1%) participated in the study. Pregnant women or women who were not sure of their pregnancy were not included in the study. The data collected were analysed by multivariate logistic regression analysis to determine the risk factors related to anaemia.