Severe Acute Respiratory Infection with Influenza A (H1N1) During Pregnancy (Scientific Letters) (Report)
To the Editor: Pregnant women are at high risk of severe acute respiratory infection if infected with the influenza A (H1N1) virus. On 14 August 2009 the first complicated H1N1 obstetric patient was admitted to the obstetric critical care unit (OCCU) at Tygerberg Hospital with respiratory distress. The clinical picture was that of bronchopneumonia, and she tested positive for H1N1. Subsequent pregnant patients admitted to the OCCU with respiratory compromise or flu symptoms were screened for the virus. Eleven days later 13 cases were confirmed. Five patients had acute lung injury and required ventilation and inotropic support. Three of the patients with acute lung injury subsequently died. Three patients required continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) support only, with no inotropics needed. The remaining 5 patients presented early, received oseltamivir within 48 hours and did not require critical care admission.