Snakebite: Admissions at a Tertiary Health Care Centre in Maharashtra, India (Original Articles) (Report)

Snakebite: Admissions at a Tertiary Health Care Centre in Maharashtra, India (Original Articles) (Report)

Snakes are found all over the world except in the Arctic, New Zealand and Ireland, and are more commonly distributed in temperate and tropical countries. (1) Snakes are most likely to bite human beings when they feel threatened, startled or provoked, and/or have no means of escape when cornered. Snakes are likely to approach residential areas when attracted by prey, such as mice and frogs. The Deccan plateau, with its agricultural land and hot, dry climate, provides an ideal environment for cobras, kraits and vipers. (2) Snakebite is generally considered to be a rural problem and has been linked with environmental and occupational conditions. (3) Most houses in the rural areas of India are made of mud and have many crevices where rodents flourish. Snakes have easy ingress to such houses and often enter them in search of food. Firewood and dried cow dung, stored in or near the house, provide ready shelter for snakes and rodents. (4) Morbidity and mortality from snakebite envenomation depends on the species of snake, since the estimated fatal dose of venom varies among species. In India, almost two-thirds of the bites are attributed to the saw-scaled viper (as high as 95% in some areas such as Jammu (5)), about a quarter to Russell’s viper, and smaller proportions to cobras and kraits. (6)

Snakebite: Admissions at a Tertiary Health Care Centre in Maharashtra, India (Original Articles) (Report)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *