South African Guideline for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Acute Viral Bronchiolitis in Children (Guideline) (Report)

South African Guideline for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Acute Viral Bronchiolitis in Children (Guideline) (Report)

Acute bronchiolitis is defined as viral-induced inflammation of bronchioles. The clinical manifestations occur as a consequence of airway inflammation and air trapping. Bronchiolitis most commonly occurs as an acute illness in children younger than 2 years of age. The most frequent cause is rhinovirus or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, other respiratory viruses being less common (Table I). The illness is generally self-limiting. Patients often feed poorly and have mild upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) signs, low-grade fever, hyperinflation of the chest and wheezing. Symptoms of severe illness include tachypnoea and lower chest wall retractions. (1) Bronchiolitis must be differentiated from aspiration of a foreign body, in which URTI signs are lacking.

South African Guideline for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Acute Viral Bronchiolitis in Children (Guideline) (Report)



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