Speech-language pathologists, sometimes called speech therapists, assess, diagnose, treat, and help to prevent communication and swallowing disorders in patients.
When diagnosing patients, speech-language pathologists typically do the following:
Communicate with patients to evaluate levels of speech or language difficulty;
Determine the extent of communication problems by having a patient complete basic reading and vocalizing tasks or by standardized tests;
Identify treatment options;
Create and carry out an individualized treatment plan
When treating patients, speech-language pathologists typically do the following:
Teach patients how to make sounds and improve their voices;
Teach alternative communication methods, sign language, to patients with little or no speech capability;
Work with patients to increase their ability to read and write correctly;
Work with patients to develop and strengthen the muscles used to swallow;
Counsel patients and families on how to cope with communication disorders
Review covers the following topics:
Basic Human Communication Processes;
Language acquisition and learning theory, Language science, Multicultural awareness, Speech science.
Phonological and Language Disorders Assessment and Treatment: Phonological disorders, Language disorders
Speech Disorders: Identification, Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention.
Fluency disorders, Resonance disorders, Voice disorders,
Neurogenic Disorders: Neurological disorders, Dysphagia
Audiology/Hearing: Hearing science, Audiological assessment, Auditory habilitation and rehabilitation
Clinical Management: Alternative/augmentative communication, Counseling,
Documentation and monitoring client progress, Efficacy, Instrumentation,
Speech-language assessment , Speech-language intervention Syndromes and
Professional Issues/Psychometrics/Research: Ethical practices, Research methodology/psychometrics, Standards and laws