Emergence of Extensive Drug Resistance (XDR) Among Gramnegative Bacilli in South Africa Looms Nearer (Issues IN PUBLIC Health) (Report)

Emergence of Extensive Drug Resistance (XDR) Among Gramnegative Bacilli in South Africa Looms Nearer (Issues IN PUBLIC Health) (Report)

Until recently, the term ‘extensive drug resistance’ (XDR) was held to be applicable to Mycobacterium tuberculosis only. It is now clear that Gram-negative bacilli are moving a step closer towards acquiring similar resistance. The emergence of multi(MDR) and pan-drug resistant (PDR) Gram-negative health care-associated pathogens has been confined to non-fermenters such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and […]

Prevalence of Drug-Drug Interactions of Antiretroviral Agents in the Private Health Care Sector in South Africa.

Prevalence of Drug-Drug Interactions of Antiretroviral Agents in the Private Health Care Sector in South Africa.

Objectives. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection can be effectively treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), requiring concomitant administration of three to four different agents, often with a high potential for drug-drug interactions (DDIs). This study aimed to determine the prevalence of possible DDIs between antiretrovirals (ARVs) themselves and other drugs. Design. Retrospective drug utilisation […]

Expanding Access to ART in South Africa: The Role of Nurse-Initiated Treatment (Issues IN Medicine) (Antiretroviral Therapy )

Expanding Access to ART in South Africa: The Role of Nurse-Initiated Treatment (Issues IN Medicine) (Antiretroviral Therapy )

The South African government’s recent policy decision to expand access to HIV care rapidly and ‘ensure that all the health institutions in the country are ready to receive and assist patients and not just a few accredited ARV centres’ (1) represents a dramatic and welcome about-turn on years of hesitation and confusion in the country’s […]

Monitoring the South African National Antiretroviral Treatment Programme, 2003-2007: the Iedea Southern Africa Collaboration (Original Articles) (Report)

Monitoring the South African National Antiretroviral Treatment Programme, 2003-2007: the Iedea Southern Africa Collaboration (Original Articles) (Report)

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that in 2007, 9.7 million people in low–and middle-income countries needed antiretroviral treatment (ART), (1) 9% of whom were living in South Africa. (2) By the end of 2007, the South African National Department of Health (DoH) reported that 371 731 people had initiated highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), […]

Perpetration of Gross Human Rights Violations in South Africa: Association with Psychiatric Disorders (Original Articles) (Report)

Perpetration of Gross Human Rights Violations in South Africa: Association with Psychiatric Disorders (Original Articles) (Report)

South Africa provides a unique laboratory for studying the perpetration of different forms of violence. During apartheid a range of acts of racial violence were perpetrated, including gross human rights violations (HRVs). However, both before and after apartheid there have also been significant levels of domestic and criminal violence. (1) Injuries were the second-leading cause […]

HIV Prevalence and Incidence in People 50 Years and Older in Rural South Africa (Scientific Letters) (Letter to the Editor)

HIV Prevalence and Incidence in People 50 Years and Older in Rural South Africa (Scientific Letters) (Letter to the Editor)

To the Editor: Studies of HIV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa usually focus on the age group 15-49 years. (1) However, estimates of HIV prevalence in older people are required for health policy and planning. The health care and social needs of older HIV-infected individuals differ from younger people; e.g. because of different co-morbidities, (2) different […]

Estimating the Burden of Disease Attributable to Interpersonal Violence in South Africa in 2000 (Scientific Letter) (Letter to the Editor)

Estimating the Burden of Disease Attributable to Interpersonal Violence in South Africa in 2000 (Scientific Letter) (Letter to the Editor)

To the Editor: Violence, previously considered a social issue, is now an acknowledged public health problem. It is defined as the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against another person, against oneself, or against a group or community, that results in injury, death or deprivation. (1) In this study we focus […]