Allergenicity of Latex Rubber Products Used in South African Dental Schools (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Allergenicity of Latex Rubber Products Used in South African Dental Schools (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Latex allergy is an occupational health problem among health care workers (HCWs), including dental health care professionals. Our aim was to quantify individual latex allergens to assess the allergenicity of latex products used in health care settings, to minimise the risk of sensitisation to these proteins. Background

HIV Prevention Responsibilities in HIV Vaccine Trials: Complexities Facing South African Researchers (Original Articles)

HIV Prevention Responsibilities in HIV Vaccine Trials: Complexities Facing South African Researchers (Original Articles)

Background, aims and methodology Preventing new HIV infections is critical. However, less than one in five people has access to proven prevention methods, (1) and ‘for every person placed on antiretroviral treatment in 2006, another six people became newly infected with HIV’. (2) Efforts to utilise existing prevention strategies better, and to identify new ones, […]

The Prevalence of Hepatitis B Co-Infection in a South African Urban Government HIV Clinic (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

The Prevalence of Hepatitis B Co-Infection in a South African Urban Government HIV Clinic (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Objective. There are an estimated 350 million hepatitis B carriers worldwide. In South Africa the prevalence of mono-infection with hepatitis B has been estimated to range from 1% in urban areas to approximately 10% in rural areas. The exact prevalence of hepatitis B in the HIV-infected population has not been well established. Hepatitis B screening […]

Progress of Preventing Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV at Primary Healthcare Facilities and District Hospitals in Three South African Provinces (Scientific Letters) (Report)

Progress of Preventing Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV at Primary Healthcare Facilities and District Hospitals in Three South African Provinces (Scientific Letters) (Report)

Since the introduction of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) strategies, vertical transmission of HIV has declined in low- and middle-income countries over 20 years from 20-40% to 2.8% in the best-case scenarios. (1) In wealthy countries, transmission rates are below 2%. (2,3) In South Africa, the revised clinical guidelines introduced in 2010 included starting dual zidovudine/nevirapine […]

The Contribution of South African Curricula to Prepare Health Professionals for Working in Rural Or Under-Served Areas in South Africa: A Peer Review Evaluation (Original Articles)

The Contribution of South African Curricula to Prepare Health Professionals for Working in Rural Or Under-Served Areas in South Africa: A Peer Review Evaluation (Original Articles)

The Collaboration for Health Equity through Education and Research (CHEER) was formed in 2003 to examine strategies that would increase the production of health professional graduates who choose to practise in rural and under-served areas in South Africa. It consists of an academic from each of nine universities in South Africa with a health science […]

Protection of Human Participants in Health Research--a Comparison of Some US Federal Regulations and South African Research Ethics Guidelines (Issues IN RESEARCH)

Protection of Human Participants in Health Research–a Comparison of Some US Federal Regulations and South African Research Ethics Guidelines (Issues IN RESEARCH)

In response to criticism of ethical review of a South African clinical trial, we contrast aspects of the United States Common Rule with South African research ethics requirements. In the USA the Common Rule does not apply to all health research and allows many exemptions from ethics review and waivers of informed consent. At a […]