The South African Stress and Health (SASH) Study: 12-Month and Lifetime Prevalence of Common Mental Disorders (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

The South African Stress and Health (SASH) Study: 12-Month and Lifetime Prevalence of Common Mental Disorders (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

At the end of the apartheid era, the African National Congress (ANC) formulated a broad policy framework that forms the basis for the current enabling health care legislation in South Africa. The ANC government developed a health care delivery policy based on the district health system that was designed to extend the availability of appropriate […]

Monitoring the South African National Antiretroviral Treatment Programme, 2003-2007: the Iedea Southern Africa Collaboration (Original Articles) (Report)

Monitoring the South African National Antiretroviral Treatment Programme, 2003-2007: the Iedea Southern Africa Collaboration (Original Articles) (Report)

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that in 2007, 9.7 million people in low–and middle-income countries needed antiretroviral treatment (ART), (1) 9% of whom were living in South Africa. (2) By the end of 2007, the South African National Department of Health (DoH) reported that 371 731 people had initiated highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), […]

BCG Vaccination in South African Hiv-Exposed Infants--Risks and Benefits (Issues in Public Health) (Report)

BCG Vaccination in South African Hiv-Exposed Infants–Risks and Benefits (Issues in Public Health) (Report)

Until 2007, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination should be contraindicated in infants with symptomatic HIV disease in countries with a high burden of tuberculosis. This recommendation was based on the perceived low risk of serious adverse events in HIV-infected infants. The WHO revised its recommendations regarding BCG vaccination in […]

Allergenicity of Latex Rubber Products Used in South African Dental Schools (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Allergenicity of Latex Rubber Products Used in South African Dental Schools (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Latex allergy is an occupational health problem among health care workers (HCWs), including dental health care professionals. Our aim was to quantify individual latex allergens to assess the allergenicity of latex products used in health care settings, to minimise the risk of sensitisation to these proteins. Background

HIV Prevention Responsibilities in HIV Vaccine Trials: Complexities Facing South African Researchers (Original Articles)

HIV Prevention Responsibilities in HIV Vaccine Trials: Complexities Facing South African Researchers (Original Articles)

Background, aims and methodology Preventing new HIV infections is critical. However, less than one in five people has access to proven prevention methods, (1) and ‘for every person placed on antiretroviral treatment in 2006, another six people became newly infected with HIV’. (2) Efforts to utilise existing prevention strategies better, and to identify new ones, […]

The Prevalence of Hepatitis B Co-Infection in a South African Urban Government HIV Clinic (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

The Prevalence of Hepatitis B Co-Infection in a South African Urban Government HIV Clinic (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Objective. There are an estimated 350 million hepatitis B carriers worldwide. In South Africa the prevalence of mono-infection with hepatitis B has been estimated to range from 1% in urban areas to approximately 10% in rural areas. The exact prevalence of hepatitis B in the HIV-infected population has not been well established. Hepatitis B screening […]

Progress of Preventing Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV at Primary Healthcare Facilities and District Hospitals in Three South African Provinces (Scientific Letters) (Report)

Progress of Preventing Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV at Primary Healthcare Facilities and District Hospitals in Three South African Provinces (Scientific Letters) (Report)

Since the introduction of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) strategies, vertical transmission of HIV has declined in low- and middle-income countries over 20 years from 20-40% to 2.8% in the best-case scenarios. (1) In wealthy countries, transmission rates are below 2%. (2,3) In South Africa, the revised clinical guidelines introduced in 2010 included starting dual zidovudine/nevirapine […]