Diminished Need for Folate Measurements Among Indigent Populations in the Post Folic Acid Supplementation Era (Clinical Report)

Diminished Need for Folate Measurements Among Indigent Populations in the Post Folic Acid Supplementation Era (Clinical Report)

* Context.–The mandated fortification of processed grains with folic acid in the United States and Canada in 1998 was intended to reduce the incidence of neural tube defects in pregnant women. The incidence of folate deficiency in most populations has declined dramatically since then. Objective.–To determine the rate of folate deficiency in a cohort of […]

Age-Dependent Prevalence of Vascular Disease-Associated Polymorphisms Among 2689 Volunteer Blood Donors (Oak Ridge Conference)

Age-Dependent Prevalence of Vascular Disease-Associated Polymorphisms Among 2689 Volunteer Blood Donors (Oak Ridge Conference)

Vascular disease is a major cause of mortality in Western societies. The development of vascular disease involves the interaction of multiple genetic factors and environmental influences. Numerous polymorphisms have been identified within genes encoding peptides directly and indirectly involved in hemostasis. Many of these genetic markers have been associated with vascular disease in studies evaluating […]

The Culture of Vascular Access Cannulation Among Nurses in a Chronic Hemodialysis Unit (Report)

The Culture of Vascular Access Cannulation Among Nurses in a Chronic Hemodialysis Unit (Report)

Introduction Vascular access is referred to as the “lifeline” for individuals receiving hemodialysis (HD). Clinical practice guidelines in both the U.S. and Canada recommend the arteriovenous fistula (AVF) as the preferred type of access for patients requiring chronic HD. The AVF is the vascular access of choice for HD because of its longevity and lower […]

Association of Changes in Oxidative and Proinflammatory States with Changes in Vascular Function After a Lifestyle Modification Trial Among Obese Children (Lipids, Lipoproteins, And Cardiovascular Risk Factors)

Association of Changes in Oxidative and Proinflammatory States with Changes in Vascular Function After a Lifestyle Modification Trial Among Obese Children (Lipids, Lipoproteins, And Cardiovascular Risk Factors)

The prevalence of childhood obesity and its consequences are increasing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries (1). It is well documented that childhood obesity tracks into adulthood. Of special concern are the cardiometabolic consequences of obesity, especially hypertension, dyslipidemia, and impaired glucose metabolism, that are already present in young children of different ethnicities (2, 3). […]