Introduction Infectious complications constitute an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients who undergo hematopoietic progenitor transplantation (HSCT). Bloodstream infections are among the most frequent bacterial infections in these patients, and central vascular catheters are a very common source of the bacteremia [1,2]. Catheter-related bacteremia (CRB) is an increasing-in-frequency and potentially life-threatening complication.
Introduction Since its identification in 1981, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the associated acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remain a major health burden globally. Recent estimates indicate that over 35 million people are affected worldwide, with mortality counts of over 20 million . About 70% of these deaths have occurred in sub-Saharan Africa , where […]
Introduction Varicella is a common childhood infection and can be complicated by secondary bacterial infection, pneumonia, acute cerebellar ataxia, meningoencephalitis, Reye’s syndrome, purpura fulminans and hemophagocytic syndrome, especially in immunocompromised hosts . After the host is infected by varicella zoster virus (VZV) via droplets, VZV completes 10 to 21 days of an incubation period in […]
Considering the recent emergence of “hybrid biotype” and “El Tor variant”, we propose to redefine the biotyping scheme for Vibrio cholerae O1 serogroup. The existing biotyping scheme has limitations and causes confusion as many of the hybrid biotype and El Tor variant strains have phenotypic and genetic changes. A revised biotyping scheme will play a […]
Introduction Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death and premature disability in the United States. (1,2,3) In its most recent update on heart disease, the American Heart Association reported that 16.8 million US adults are afflicted with CAD and that the estimated CAD patient care costs for 2009 are $165 billion. (3) […]
Introduction The American Association of American Medical Colleges has recommended a 30% increase in medical student enrollment by 2015 to address a major physician shortage within the next decade. Accordingly, many medical schools are forming regional clinical campuses to meet class size expansion goals. (1) Regional campuses are characteristically smaller and yield relatively more community-based […]
Introduction We present a case of a 30-year-old white female in prior good health, who developed post partum septic pelvic thrombophlebitis with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia.