The Relationship Between Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Levels and Chronic Kidney Disease Among Appalachian Adults (Scientific Article) (Report)

The Relationship Between Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase Levels and Chronic Kidney Disease Among Appalachian Adults (Scientific Article) (Report)

Introduction Serum gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), an enzyme responsible for extracellular catabolism of glutathione and a marker of oxidative stress (1) has been shown to be associated with diabetes mellitus (2) and hypertension, (3) which are considered to be independent risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, few epidemiological studies have explored the independent relationship […]

The Utility of an Intra-Operative Cystogram with a Simulated Voiding Phase After Endoscopic Treatment of Vesicoureteral Reflux (Scientific Article) (Report)

The Utility of an Intra-Operative Cystogram with a Simulated Voiding Phase After Endoscopic Treatment of Vesicoureteral Reflux (Scientific Article) (Report)

Introduction Vesicoureteral reflux affects one percent of children (1). Traditonally, low grade reflux has been managed with prophylactic antibiotics. Ureteroneocystotomy has been reserved for high grade reflux, children with breakthough urinary tract infections and children with reflux who develop renal scarring. The introduction of subureteral injection bulking agents by Matouschek has altered the management of […]

The Predisposing Factors, Biological Markers, Neuroimaging Techniques and Medical Complications Associated with Alzheimer's Disease (Scientific Article: Special Issue) (Disease/Disorder Overview)

The Predisposing Factors, Biological Markers, Neuroimaging Techniques and Medical Complications Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease (Scientific Article: Special Issue) (Disease/Disorder Overview)

The concept and terminology of dementia is changing. There is a proposal in DSM-V which will be published in the next few years to eliminate the word “dementia” and “mild cognitive disorder” and replace the diagnoses with minor and major neurocognitive disorders. (1) Over time, practitioners have recognized that pure Alzheimer’s dementia is not as […]

Hyperbaric Oxygen: An Important Treatment Modality in Severe Hemorrhagic Cystitis After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/Hiperbarik Oksijen: Allojeneik Hematopoietik Kok Hucre Nakli Sonrasi Gelisen Agir Hemorajik Sistit Olgularinda Onemli Bir Tedavi Secenegi (Research Article) (Report)

Hyperbaric Oxygen: An Important Treatment Modality in Severe Hemorrhagic Cystitis After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/Hiperbarik Oksijen: Allojeneik Hematopoietik Kok Hucre Nakli Sonrasi Gelisen Agir Hemorajik Sistit Olgularinda Onemli Bir Tedavi Secenegi (Research Article) (Report)

Introduction Hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) is a frequent complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The reported frequency changes mainly with the definition (according to inclusion or exclusion of microscopic hematuria) and preventive manipulations. It may occur in the early or late posttransplant period and can promote sometimes severe morbidity. Several risk factors are reported to […]

Human Papillomavirus Infection (HPV) & Screening Strategies for Cervical Cancer (Review Article) (Report)

Human Papillomavirus Infection (HPV) & Screening Strategies for Cervical Cancer (Review Article) (Report)

The incidence of cervical cancer is declining slowly necessitating concerted and organized control measures. Control through primary prevention has become a distinct reality though a prophylactic vaccine, which may take quite some time for its widespread use. Thus control of cervical cancer through secondary preventive measures is the only viable solution now. While high quality […]

Epidemiological Transition of Hepatitis A in India: Issues for Vaccination in Developing Countries (Review Article) (Report)

Epidemiological Transition of Hepatitis A in India: Issues for Vaccination in Developing Countries (Review Article) (Report)

With improvement in economic and living conditions of the communities, the age of acquiring hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is shifting from early childhood to adolescence and young adulthood. Such epidemiological shift leads to an increased incidence of symptomatic HAV infection, including heightened risk of liver failure. Data from India indicate that the population is […]