Mite and Cockroach Sensitisation in Patients with Allergic Rhinitis in the Free State (Original Articles)

Mite and Cockroach Sensitisation in Patients with Allergic Rhinitis in the Free State (Original Articles)

Allergen sensitivities of patients with allergic rhinitis in the Free State have been described, (1,2) with sensitisation patterns being similar in asthmatic patients. (3) These studies showed a high prevalence of grass pollen sensitisation and a lower level of house-dust mite sensitisation than in the coastal areas, where between 65% and 95% of atopic patients […]

Hyperglycemic Crisis in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: High Mortality and Association of Hyperosmolar Ketoacidosis with a New Diagnosis of Diabetes (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Hyperglycemic Crisis in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: High Mortality and Association of Hyperosmolar Ketoacidosis with a New Diagnosis of Diabetes (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Diabetic hyperglycaemic crisis is a major reason for high-care unit admissions, (1) with mortality rates of up to 30%. (2-9) It is characteristically classified as ketoacidotic or hyperosmolar.10 Presentations with the combination of ketoacidosis and hyperosmolality are recognised, (6,7,11-16) and have variably been described as ketoacidosis with hyperosmolality or hyperosmolar state with ketoacidosis, depending on […]

Allergenicity of Latex Rubber Products Used in South African Dental Schools (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Allergenicity of Latex Rubber Products Used in South African Dental Schools (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Latex allergy is an occupational health problem among health care workers (HCWs), including dental health care professionals. Our aim was to quantify individual latex allergens to assess the allergenicity of latex products used in health care settings, to minimise the risk of sensitisation to these proteins. Background

Educational Factors That Influence the Urban-Rural Distribution of Health Professionals in South Africa: A Case-Control Study (Original Articles) (Report)

Educational Factors That Influence the Urban-Rural Distribution of Health Professionals in South Africa: A Case-Control Study (Original Articles) (Report)

Among factors that influence health professionals’ career choices in favour of rural and under-served communities, the role of undergraduate and postgraduate training is assumed to be significant. (1-3) Selection criteria for entry to training, timing, duration, site and type of exposure to educational opportunities in rural and underserved areas during the undergraduate phase, and the […]

HIV Prevention Responsibilities in HIV Vaccine Trials: Complexities Facing South African Researchers (Original Articles)

HIV Prevention Responsibilities in HIV Vaccine Trials: Complexities Facing South African Researchers (Original Articles)

Background, aims and methodology Preventing new HIV infections is critical. However, less than one in five people has access to proven prevention methods, (1) and ‘for every person placed on antiretroviral treatment in 2006, another six people became newly infected with HIV’. (2) Efforts to utilise existing prevention strategies better, and to identify new ones, […]

Clinical Predictors of Low CD4 Count Among Hiv-Infected Pulmonary Tuberculosis Clients: A Health Facility-Based Survey (Original Articles) (Survey)

Clinical Predictors of Low CD4 Count Among Hiv-Infected Pulmonary Tuberculosis Clients: A Health Facility-Based Survey (Original Articles) (Survey)

Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most important opportunistic infections among HIV-infected patients. Diagnosing pulmonary TB (PTB) has become problematic because HIV-positive patients tend to be smear negative and smear microscopy is the first line of diagnosis in people suspected to have TB. (1) It is estimated that more than 50% of HIV-infected patients will […]