Teaching Social Behavior to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Using Social Stories[Tm]: Implications for School-Based Practice (Report)

Teaching Social Behavior to Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Using Social Stories[Tm]: Implications for School-Based Practice (Report)

Introduction Autism spectrum disorders (ASD), which include autism, Asperger’s Syndrome (AS), and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), are a group of disorders characterized by a host of difficulties with social interactions, communication, and repetitive behaviors or interests (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Although currently defined by a triad of impairments, difficulties with social relationships and […]

Verbal Behavior by B.F. Skinner: Contributions to Analyzing Early Language Learning

Verbal Behavior by B.F. Skinner: Contributions to Analyzing Early Language Learning

Introduction Two pieces of literature appeared quietly and without fanfare in 1957. Each book unalterably affected how we have come to view language, human behavior, and language learning. In 1957, Noam Chomsky published Syntactic Structures (1957), his germinal work that established the foundations of psycholinguistics. This work, in combination with a second publication, Aspects of […]

Information-Seeking Behavior of Basic Science Researchers: Implications for Library Services (Report)

Information-Seeking Behavior of Basic Science Researchers: Implications for Library Services (Report)

INTRODUCTION In fall 2005, Dana Medical Library at the University of Vermont (UVM) established a formal liaison program to serve patrons in the college of medicine (COM), college of nursing and health sciences, and its primary teaching hospital, Fletcher Allen Health Care (FAHC).

Are Alcoholics Less Deserving of Liver Transplants? when Does Behavior Trigger a Lesser Claim to Medical Resources? when Does Chronic Drinking, For Example, Mean That One has a Lesser Claim to a Liver Transplant? Only when One's Behavior Becomes a Callous Indifference to Others' Needs--when One Knows the Consequences of Heavy Drinking and Knows That by Drinking One May End up Depriving Someone else of a Liver.

Are Alcoholics Less Deserving of Liver Transplants? when Does Behavior Trigger a Lesser Claim to Medical Resources? when Does Chronic Drinking, For Example, Mean That One has a Lesser Claim to a Liver Transplant? Only when One’s Behavior Becomes a Callous Indifference to Others’ Needs–when One Knows the Consequences of Heavy Drinking and Knows That by Drinking One May End up Depriving Someone else of a Liver.

As many studies show, Americans tend to think that an illness has a morally weaker claim to medical care when it is caused by personal conduct that is known to put health at risk. More specifically, many Americans believe that health-risky conduct can make for a significantly weaker claim to scarce medical resources. According to […]

The Information-Seeking Behavior of Clinical Staff in a Large Health Care Organization (Brief Communications) (Report)

The Information-Seeking Behavior of Clinical Staff in a Large Health Care Organization (Brief Communications) (Report)

INTRODUCTION Internet-based tools are easily accessible and can assist busy health professionals who cannot be expected to know the answer to every clinical question [1]. Some variability appears to exist in how Internet-based resources are used by different groups of health professionals [2].

Clinical Information Behavior of Rehabilitation Therapists: A Review of the Research on Occupational Therapists, Physical Therapists, And Speech-Language Pathologists (Report)

Clinical Information Behavior of Rehabilitation Therapists: A Review of the Research on Occupational Therapists, Physical Therapists, And Speech-Language Pathologists (Report)

INTRODUCTION Rehabilitation therapists–including occupational therapists (OTs), physical therapists (PTs, also called physiotherapists), and speech-language pathologists (SLPs, also called speech therapists)–represent a growing proportion of health professionals and are central to health care delivery. As practitioners, rehabilitation therapists engage in information behavior: they identify information needs, decide whether or not to seek answers to these needs, […]