Verbal Behavior by B.F. Skinner: Contributions to Analyzing Early Language Learning

Verbal Behavior by B.F. Skinner: Contributions to Analyzing Early Language Learning

Introduction Two pieces of literature appeared quietly and without fanfare in 1957. Each book unalterably affected how we have come to view language, human behavior, and language learning. In 1957, Noam Chomsky published Syntactic Structures (1957), his germinal work that established the foundations of psycholinguistics. This work, in combination with a second publication, Aspects of […]

Information-Seeking Behavior of Basic Science Researchers: Implications for Library Services (Report)

Information-Seeking Behavior of Basic Science Researchers: Implications for Library Services (Report)

INTRODUCTION In fall 2005, Dana Medical Library at the University of Vermont (UVM) established a formal liaison program to serve patrons in the college of medicine (COM), college of nursing and health sciences, and its primary teaching hospital, Fletcher Allen Health Care (FAHC).

Are Alcoholics Less Deserving of Liver Transplants? when Does Behavior Trigger a Lesser Claim to Medical Resources? when Does Chronic Drinking, For Example, Mean That One has a Lesser Claim to a Liver Transplant? Only when One's Behavior Becomes a Callous Indifference to Others' Needs--when One Knows the Consequences of Heavy Drinking and Knows That by Drinking One May End up Depriving Someone else of a Liver.

Are Alcoholics Less Deserving of Liver Transplants? when Does Behavior Trigger a Lesser Claim to Medical Resources? when Does Chronic Drinking, For Example, Mean That One has a Lesser Claim to a Liver Transplant? Only when One’s Behavior Becomes a Callous Indifference to Others’ Needs–when One Knows the Consequences of Heavy Drinking and Knows That by Drinking One May End up Depriving Someone else of a Liver.

As many studies show, Americans tend to think that an illness has a morally weaker claim to medical care when it is caused by personal conduct that is known to put health at risk. More specifically, many Americans believe that health-risky conduct can make for a significantly weaker claim to scarce medical resources. According to […]

The Information-Seeking Behavior of Clinical Staff in a Large Health Care Organization (Brief Communications) (Report)

The Information-Seeking Behavior of Clinical Staff in a Large Health Care Organization (Brief Communications) (Report)

INTRODUCTION Internet-based tools are easily accessible and can assist busy health professionals who cannot be expected to know the answer to every clinical question [1]. Some variability appears to exist in how Internet-based resources are used by different groups of health professionals [2].

Clinical Information Behavior of Rehabilitation Therapists: A Review of the Research on Occupational Therapists, Physical Therapists, And Speech-Language Pathologists (Report)

Clinical Information Behavior of Rehabilitation Therapists: A Review of the Research on Occupational Therapists, Physical Therapists, And Speech-Language Pathologists (Report)

INTRODUCTION Rehabilitation therapists–including occupational therapists (OTs), physical therapists (PTs, also called physiotherapists), and speech-language pathologists (SLPs, also called speech therapists)–represent a growing proportion of health professionals and are central to health care delivery. As practitioners, rehabilitation therapists engage in information behavior: they identify information needs, decide whether or not to seek answers to these needs, […]

Functional Communication Training: The Role of Speech Pathologists and Behavior Analysts in Serving Students with Autism (Report)

Functional Communication Training: The Role of Speech Pathologists and Behavior Analysts in Serving Students with Autism (Report)

Introduction Autism is a neurological disorder characterized by significant impairments in language/communication, deficits in social interaction and restricted interests/ stereotypical behavior (American Psychiatric Association, 1994). Perhaps the most central of these impairments, especially in young learners, is the communication deficit. Learners with autism have difficulty in all aspects of communication, including receptive understanding, expressive language, […]