Identification of Genes Contributing to Cardiovascular Disease in Overweight and Obese Individuals from West Virginia (Scientific Article) (Report)

Identification of Genes Contributing to Cardiovascular Disease in Overweight and Obese Individuals from West Virginia (Scientific Article) (Report)

Introduction Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death and premature disability in the United States. (1,2,3) In its most recent update on heart disease, the American Heart Association reported that 16.8 million US adults are afflicted with CAD and that the estimated CAD patient care costs for 2009 are $165 billion. (3) […]

Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Cardiovascular Risk (Clinical Practice)

Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs and Cardiovascular Risk (Clinical Practice)

Medications to relieve pain and inflammation are among the most commonly used drugs in our society today. The traditional non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and the selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors are effective anti-inflammatory and analgesic agents used in a wide range of acute and chronic medical conditions. The gastrointestinal adverse effects are well recognised. There […]

Cardiovascular Effects of Lead Exposure (Clinical Report)

Cardiovascular Effects of Lead Exposure (Clinical Report)

Several epidemiological and clinical studies have found a link between chronic lead exposure and elevated blood pressure. In addition, a few population studies have shown possible connection between lead exposure and other cardiovascular disorders including ischaemic coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular accidents, and peripheral vascular disease. The causal link between chronic lead exposure and hypertension (HTN) […]

Epidemiology of Conventional Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Hypertensive Subjects with Normal and Impaired Fasting Glucose (Original Articles) (Report)

Epidemiology of Conventional Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Hypertensive Subjects with Normal and Impaired Fasting Glucose (Original Articles) (Report)

The prevalence of cardiovascular disease is continuously rising throughout Africa. (1-5) The epidemiological transition impelling the developing world towards more non-communicable diseases, and especially cardiovascular disease, has been attributed to westernisation, reduced physical activity, obesity and the growing prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors. (1) Although the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases is at present less than […]

Surveillance of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in India: The Need & Scope (Report)

Surveillance of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in India: The Need & Scope (Report)

Introduction The health care needs of the world’s population are likely to undergo dramatic changes due to the ongoing demographic transition. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as diabetes, cancer, depression and heart disease, are rapidly replacing infectious diseases and malnutrition as the leading causes of disability and premature death. Eighty per cent of total deaths due […]

Epidemiology to Public Health Intervention for Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases: The Role of Translational Research (Report)

Epidemiology to Public Health Intervention for Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases: The Role of Translational Research (Report)

Introduction Translational research has been characterized as “effective translation of the new knowledge, mechanisms and techniques generated by advances in basic science research into new approaches for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases which is essential for improving health” (1). A translational researcher has been defined as “someone who takes something from basic research to […]