A Lower Body Mass Index is Associated with Cardiomyopathy in People with HIV Infection: Evidence from a Case Comparison Study (Report)

A Lower Body Mass Index is Associated with Cardiomyopathy in People with HIV Infection: Evidence from a Case Comparison Study (Report)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is, with advancing immunosuppression, a risk factor for the development of heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy. (1) In Africa, cross-sectional echocardiographic studies of HIV-infected individuals suggest a prevalence of cardiomyopathy varying from 9% in ambulant persons to 57% in hospitalised patients. (2) Patients with HIV infection and dilated cardiomyopathy […]

Acute Pneumonia and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Case Discussion) (Clinical Report)

Acute Pneumonia and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Case Discussion) (Clinical Report)

CASE PRESENTATION MICHELLE V. SUN, MD: On March 29, 2000, a 40-year-old black woman with known systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presented to Baylor University Medical Center (BUMC) with fevers to 40[degrees]C (104[degrees]F), yellow to green diarrhea without blood, dyspnea, fatigue, headache, photophobia, cold sores, and a productive cough of 3 days’ duration. She was on […]

Tracking Recovery in a Case of Moyamoya-Induced Dysarthria (Report)

Tracking Recovery in a Case of Moyamoya-Induced Dysarthria (Report)

A 37-year-old female postextracranial-intracranial bypass, superficial temporal artery (STA)-middle cerebral artery (MCA) anastomosis, and angioplasty for treatment of Moyamoya disease was treated over a 13-month period with speech therapy for spastic dysarthria. Moyamoya disease course, epidemiology, etiological theories, and the current treatment options are briefly discussed. In addition, the individual’s recovery of velopharyngeal function, articulatory […]