South African Guideline for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Acute Viral Bronchiolitis in Children (Guideline) (Report)

South African Guideline for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Acute Viral Bronchiolitis in Children (Guideline) (Report)

Acute bronchiolitis is defined as viral-induced inflammation of bronchioles. The clinical manifestations occur as a consequence of airway inflammation and air trapping. Bronchiolitis most commonly occurs as an acute illness in children younger than 2 years of age. The most frequent cause is rhinovirus or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, other respiratory viruses being less […]

Is Non-Therapeutic Aspirin Use in Children a Problem in South Africa?(Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Is Non-Therapeutic Aspirin Use in Children a Problem in South Africa?(Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

The dangers of aspirin use in children and young teenagers are well documented. In severely ill young children, aspirin can cause or exacerbate electrolyte and metabolic derangements as a result of the narrow dosage window between therapeutic and toxic effects. (1-3) In industrialised countries, aspirin is not recommended in paediatric practice except for approved therapeutic […]

Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern of Gram Positive CSF Isolates in Children with Septic Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Hospital (Original Work) (Report)

Antimicrobial Sensitivity Pattern of Gram Positive CSF Isolates in Children with Septic Meningitis in a Tertiary Care Hospital (Original Work) (Report)

INTRODUCTION Bacterial meningitis is one of the most potentially serious infections occurring in infants and older children and is associated with a high incidence of acute complications and risk of long-term morbidity (1). Systemic bacterial infections are known by the generic term neonatal sepsis which incorporates septicaemia, pneumonia and meningitis of the new born. Neonatal […]

Dietary Factors Affecting Iron Status of Children Residing in Rural West Virginia (Scientific Article) (Clinical Report)

Dietary Factors Affecting Iron Status of Children Residing in Rural West Virginia (Scientific Article) (Clinical Report)

Introduction The goal for Healthy People 2010 is to reduce the prevalence of iron deficiency to 5% of children aged 1 to 2 years (1). Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of 1999-2000 indicated that 7% of children aged 1 to 2 years were iron deficient and 2% had iron-deficiency anemia (2). […]