Completely redesigned for easy reading and fully updated with the latest research and information on current practice, medication, legal matters, and specific conditions, this new edition of a vital resource is full of tips, suggestions, and strategies to deal with chronic illness and symptoms, such as fatigue, pain, shortness of breath, disability, and depression. It […]
As many studies show, Americans tend to think that an illness has a morally weaker claim to medical care when it is caused by personal conduct that is known to put health at risk. More specifically, many Americans believe that health-risky conduct can make for a significantly weaker claim to scarce medical resources. According to […]
A diagnosis of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) without cholesteatoma requires the presence of four conditions: * The otorrhea must emanate from the middle ear via a tympanic membrane perforation or a tympanostomy tube.
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory disorder of the nose and paranasal sinuses with symptoms persisting for at least 3 months. The treatment paradigm for CRS includes medical therapy as the cornerstone, coupled with endoscopic sinus surgery in refractory cases. To date, however, no FDA-approved treatments exist for medical treatment of CRS, and most treatment […]
Heart disease, stroke, cancer and other chronic non communicable diseases (NCDs) contributed to 35 of the 58 million deaths (60.3%) in the world in 2005 (1). Eighty per cent of these deaths occurred in low and middle income countries. In India, NCDs were responsible for 53 per cent of deaths and 44 per cent of […]
Tiotropium represents a new generation of inhaled therapy. No other inhaled product has demonstrated effectiveness with once-daily dosing. Treatment has been associated with improved lung function, decrease in the number of exacerbations, increase in the time to first exacerbation, and improved quality of life. Adverse effects appear to be mild in nature, and the only […]
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) causes a spectrum of liver diseases including acute hepatitis, chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. HBV contains a circular, partially double-stranded DNA genome of 3.2 kb. This genome includes 4 partly overlapping open reading frames. One of these is the polymerase gene that encodes for the polymerase protein including the […]