Detection of Dengue Viral Infections in Aedes Mosquitoes: An Essential Tool for Epidemiological Surveillance (Commentary)

Detection of Dengue Viral Infections in Aedes Mosquitoes: An Essential Tool for Epidemiological Surveillance (Commentary)

Dengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) are important mosquito-borne viral diseases of humans and recognised as important emerging infectious diseases in the tropics and subtropics. (1) There has been a considerable increase in the geographic spread, number of cases and severity of the disease in the past four decades, since there is a […]

Muscoid Flies in Tsunami Hit Areas & Their Management (Commentary)

Muscoid Flies in Tsunami Hit Areas & Their Management (Commentary)

Natural disasters earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, tsunamis, floods and droughts are catastrophic events which can have a serious impact on health of the society. Triggered by severe earthquakes off the northwest tip of Indonesia, early on Sunday 26 December 2004, a tsunami brought catastrophe on an unprecedented scale, disaster to six countries of the WHO South-East […]

Mycoplasma Pneumoniae: An Emerging Pulmonary Pathogen (Commentary) (Clinical Report)

Mycoplasma Pneumoniae: An Emerging Pulmonary Pathogen (Commentary) (Clinical Report)

Mycoplasmas are unique forms of life that lack the ability to produce cell walls. Recognition of Mycoplasma as a bacterial pathogen took many years of intense clinical and research work. The first Mycoplasma to be isolated in culture was the bovine pleuropneumonia (now known as Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. Mycoides) was described initially by Nocard and […]

Azadirachta Indica As a Public Health Tool for the Control of Malaria & Other Vector-Borne Diseases (Commentary)

Azadirachta Indica As a Public Health Tool for the Control of Malaria & Other Vector-Borne Diseases (Commentary)

Neem-based products from Azadirachta indica have been successfully used for pest control in agriculture and gardening since long in India and more recently in European countries and in the USA (1). The seed kernels, particularly rich in bioactive azadirachtin and other limonoids (tetranortriterpenoids), are the main source for a large number of products used for […]

Pkdl--a Drug Related Phenomenon? (Commentary) (Post-Kala-Azar Dermal Leishmaniasis ) (Clinical Report)

Pkdl–a Drug Related Phenomenon? (Commentary) (Post-Kala-Azar Dermal Leishmaniasis ) (Clinical Report)

Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) is a cutaneous manifestation of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), characterized by skin lesions, nodules or papules, frequently on the face. It often appears 2-7 years after the apparently successful treatment of VL by antimonial drugs. It has long been considered a curious phenomenon, difficult to treat and difficult to explain. Recent studies […]

Symptoms of Depression in Schizophrenia (Commentary) (Clinical Report)

Symptoms of Depression in Schizophrenia (Commentary) (Clinical Report)

In an article in this issue Heald et al (1) in their study on characterization of depression in schizophrenia report that the precise nature of depressive symptoms present in different phases of the schizophrenic illness can be differentiated qualitatively from primary depression. The authors introduce about the history, prevalence and importance of depressive symptoms in […]