There has been increasing global interest regarding the role of vitamin D in health and disease. In fact, more and more scientific evidence linking vitamin D to various chronic diseases in children and adults is emerging. Prevention of vitamin D deficiency and achieving adequate intake of vitamin D and calcium throughout childhood may reduce the […]
Rickettsia and Orientia represent the genera of causative microorganisms of some of the most covert reemerging diseases of the present times. These genera are morphologically and biochemically similar to other Gram-negative bacteria. The fastidious bacterial organisms are obligate intracellular parasites. Although rickettsial species are arthropod-associated bacteria, they are also frequently capable of infecting vertebrates, including […]
Mycobacterium bovis is an important member of the M. tuberculosis complex. Although it is primarily recognized as an animal pathogen it can cause disease in humans too. Similarly, M. tuberculosis, though a human pathogen does infect animals. It is believed that as the human civilization has advanced through various stages of evolution it has acquired […]
Hypertension is reported to be the fourth contributor to premature death in developed countries and the seventh in developing countries (1). Recent reports indicate that nearly 1 billion adults (more than a quarter of the world’s population) had hypertension in 2000, and this is predicted to increase to 1.56 billion by 2025 (2). Earlier reports […]
Of the 20.6 million low birth weight (LBW) infants born every year, about 8 million are born in India (1). Low birth weight is the most important risk factor for neonatal mortality, contributing to about three quarters of neonatal deaths in India (2). In order to survive through infancy, LBW infants need additional care particularly […]
Welcome to the summer edition of the journal. Hard to believe it but another year has flown by and your thoughts are now probably turning to holidays and plans for the New Year. It has been a busy year with many changes within the association, industry and the way governments are viewing the profession.
Over 90 per cent of the 2 million HIV infected children worldwide, live in developing countries (1). In India, 3.8 per cent (2) (approximately 100,000 (3)) of an estimated 2.5 million persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) are children. As of September 2008, of about 1,77,808 individuals started on antiretroviral therapy (ART) since its launch in […]