Vitamin D Deficiency in Breastfed Infants & the Need for Routine Vitamin D Supplementation (Commentary)

Vitamin D Deficiency in Breastfed Infants & the Need for Routine Vitamin D Supplementation (Commentary)

There has been increasing global interest regarding the role of vitamin D in health and disease. In fact, more and more scientific evidence linking vitamin D to various chronic diseases in children and adults is emerging. Prevention of vitamin D deficiency and achieving adequate intake of vitamin D and calcium throughout childhood may reduce the […]

Spotted Fevers & Typhus Fever in Tamil Nadu (Commentary)

Spotted Fevers & Typhus Fever in Tamil Nadu (Commentary)

Rickettsia and Orientia represent the genera of causative microorganisms of some of the most covert reemerging diseases of the present times. These genera are morphologically and biochemically similar to other Gram-negative bacteria. The fastidious bacterial organisms are obligate intracellular parasites. Although rickettsial species are arthropod-associated bacteria, they are also frequently capable of infecting vertebrates, including […]

Natural Reservoir, Zoonotic Tuberculosis & Interface with Human Tuberculosis: An Unsolved Question (Commentary) (Clinical Report)

Natural Reservoir, Zoonotic Tuberculosis & Interface with Human Tuberculosis: An Unsolved Question (Commentary) (Clinical Report)

Mycobacterium bovis is an important member of the M. tuberculosis complex. Although it is primarily recognized as an animal pathogen it can cause disease in humans too. Similarly, M. tuberculosis, though a human pathogen does infect animals. It is believed that as the human civilization has advanced through various stages of evolution it has acquired […]

Hypertension & Pre-Hypertension in Developing Countries (Commentary) (Report)

Hypertension & Pre-Hypertension in Developing Countries (Commentary) (Report)

Hypertension is reported to be the fourth contributor to premature death in developed countries and the seventh in developing countries (1). Recent reports indicate that nearly 1 billion adults (more than a quarter of the world’s population) had hypertension in 2000, and this is predicted to increase to 1.56 billion by 2025 (2). Earlier reports […]

Issues in Nutrient Supplementation of Breast-Milk Fed Low Birth Weight Infants (Commentary) (Clinical Report)

Issues in Nutrient Supplementation of Breast-Milk Fed Low Birth Weight Infants (Commentary) (Clinical Report)

Of the 20.6 million low birth weight (LBW) infants born every year, about 8 million are born in India (1). Low birth weight is the most important risk factor for neonatal mortality, contributing to about three quarters of neonatal deaths in India (2). In order to survive through infancy, LBW infants need additional care particularly […]

Challenges in Providing HIV Care to Paediatric Age Group in India (Commentary) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

Challenges in Providing HIV Care to Paediatric Age Group in India (Commentary) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

Over 90 per cent of the 2 million HIV infected children worldwide, live in developing countries (1). In India, 3.8 per cent (2) (approximately 100,000 (3)) of an estimated 2.5 million persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) are children. As of September 2008, of about 1,77,808 individuals started on antiretroviral therapy (ART) since its launch in […]