Antiviral Benefits for Hiv-Infected Patients: The Crucial Role & Multiple Determinants of Adherence (Commentary) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Antiviral Benefits for Hiv-Infected Patients: The Crucial Role & Multiple Determinants of Adherence (Commentary) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

The life saving benefits of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for the treatment of HIV infection have been well documented (1). HAART needs very high levels of adherence to be effective and to prevent appearance of viral mutations related with resistance (2,3). Despite a lack of corroborative evidence, specific concerns have been raised regarding the […]

Prevalence & Determinants of Depression in Type 2 Diabetes Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre (Report)

Prevalence & Determinants of Depression in Type 2 Diabetes Patients in a Tertiary Care Centre (Report)

Diabetes is a chronic disease which affects virtually every organ in the human system. The World Health Organization projected that 300 million people will suffer from diabetes by 20251. India has the largest number of diabetic population in the world and it is expected that there will be 69.9 million diabetic populations in India by […]

Determinants of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: Results from a National Survey (Original Articles)

Determinants of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: Results from a National Survey (Original Articles)

South Africa (SA) ranks second among the 22 high-burden tuberculosis (TB) countries in terms of TB incidence and seventh in terms of overall TB burden. (1) The TB epidemic is largely a result of historical neglect, health service fragmentation and poor patient management, compounded by one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics ever recorded. (2) […]

Social Determinants of Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes in Indians (Report)

Social Determinants of Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes in Indians (Report)

Introduction Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is no longer limited to developed countries, it is widespread in developing countries (1,2). Additionally, the rate of increase in CVD in developing countries is twice as high as in developed countries (3). CVD also typically occurs at a younger age in developing countries: for example, about 52 per cent of […]

Determinants and Treatment of Hypertension in South Africans: The First Demographic and Health Survey (Original Articles) (Survey)

Determinants and Treatment of Hypertension in South Africans: The First Demographic and Health Survey (Original Articles) (Survey)

Objectives. To identify the groups of patients with high prevalence and poor control of hypertension in South Africa. Methods. In the first national Demographic and Health Survey, 12 952 randomly selected South Africans aged 15 years and older were surveyed. Trained interviewers completed questionnaires on socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle and the management of hypertension. This cross-sectional […]