Verbal Behavior by B.F. Skinner: Contributions to Analyzing Early Language Learning

Verbal Behavior by B.F. Skinner: Contributions to Analyzing Early Language Learning

Introduction Two pieces of literature appeared quietly and without fanfare in 1957. Each book unalterably affected how we have come to view language, human behavior, and language learning. In 1957, Noam Chomsky published Syntactic Structures (1957), his germinal work that established the foundations of psycholinguistics. This work, in combination with a second publication, Aspects of […]

Can Maternal Leptin Level at Early Gestation be Used As a Predictor of Postpartum Weight Retention? (Commentary)

Can Maternal Leptin Level at Early Gestation be Used As a Predictor of Postpartum Weight Retention? (Commentary)

The protein product of the ob gene, called leptin, mainly but not exclusively produced by white adipose tissue, is thought to suppress appetite and regulate energy homeostasis (1,2). Extremely obese individuals have high leptin levels, which is likely to reflect a state of leptin resistance, suggesting that they have reduced sensitivity to its anorectic and […]

Predictive Factors for Early Postoperative Hypocalcemia After Surgery for Primary Hyperparathyroidism (Report)

Predictive Factors for Early Postoperative Hypocalcemia After Surgery for Primary Hyperparathyroidism (Report)

Surgery remains the most effective treatment for hyperparathyroidism. The incidence of hyperparathyroidism is increasing secondary to increased detection, technological advances, awareness by providers, and routine serum calcium screening (1). While early guidelines suggested surgery in those with symptoms or significant hypercalcemia, more recent evidence suggests that earlier intervention in “asymptomatic” patients may prevent long-term complications […]

Some Early Black Doctors--a Very Politically Active Cohort, 1941-1954 (Clinical Practice)

Some Early Black Doctors–a Very Politically Active Cohort, 1941-1954 (Clinical Practice)

Between 1948 and 1954 increasing government intimidation along with an accompanying intensification of protest politics resulted in older, moderate medical leaders withdrawing from the political frontline. Younger doctors were more radical and their continued political activism led to vigorous repression by the apartheid state, and eventually to scarce medical skills being lost to the people […]