These guidelines for prophylactic anticoagulation reflect current best practice. However, every patient should still be assessed on merit, with individualisation of therapy where indicated. Drug recommendations are based on Medicines Control Council registration at the time of publication, unless otherwise indicated. 1. Medical patients
1. Introduction These guidelines for the clinical management and laboratory investigation of venous thrombo-embolism (VTE) in neonates and children reflect current best practice. Recommendations presented are in accordance with the more comprehensive evidence-based guidelines for paediatric antithrombotic therapy, including the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) guidelines, the United Kingdom paediatric stroke guidelines and the […]
1. Introduction Trauma is a disease process that is intimately related to man’s interaction with other people and the environment. Trauma is the leading cause of non-natural death and a major cause of permanent disability and the economically active population group is most affected, thus increasing the real costs of injury to society. (1)
Acute bronchiolitis is defined as viral-induced inflammation of bronchioles. The clinical manifestations occur as a consequence of airway inflammation and air trapping. Bronchiolitis most commonly occurs as an acute illness in children younger than 2 years of age. The most frequent cause is rhinovirus or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, other respiratory viruses being less […]
Glossary ADL–activities of daily living, AF–atrial fibrillation; BMI body mass index; BP–blood pressure; CAS–carotid angioplasty and stenting; CEA–carotid endarterectomy; CI–confidence interval; CSF–cerebrospinal fluid; CT–computed tomography; CV–cardiovascular; DSA–digital subtraction angiography; DVT – deep-vein thrombosis; DWI–diffusion-weighted imaging; ECG – electrocardiography; EMS–emergency medical services; ESR–erythrocyte sedimentation rate; GCp–good clinical practice; HDL–high-density lipoprotein; HIV–human immunodeficiency virus; INR–international normalised ratio; […]
1. Introduction In 2003, the South African Heart Association (SA Heart) and the Lipid and Atherosclerosis Society of Southern Africa (LASSA) officially adopted the European Guidelines for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease (1) to replace the South African Lipid Guidelines published in 2000. (2) The European document has recently been updated with the publication of […]
Diagnosis and medical management 1.1 Background. Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is defined as a continuing inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterised by irreversible morphological changes, often associated with pain and with the loss of exocrine and/or endocrine function which may be clinically relevant.