Supporting Rape Survivors in Adhering to Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) to Prevent HIV Infection: The Importance of Psychosocial Counselling and Support (Short REPORT)

Supporting Rape Survivors in Adhering to Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) to Prevent HIV Infection: The Importance of Psychosocial Counselling and Support (Short REPORT)

STUDY METHODS Monitoring by the Gauteng Department of Health (GDoH) of the uptake of PEP by rape survivors during the period 30 June 2002-31 May 2003 found that just 16.2% of rape survivors provided with the drugs completed all 28 days of treatment.(5) Concerned by this low rate, GDoH commissioned research from the Centre for […]

HIV Prevention Responsibilities in HIV Vaccine Trials: Complexities Facing South African Researchers (Original Articles)

HIV Prevention Responsibilities in HIV Vaccine Trials: Complexities Facing South African Researchers (Original Articles)

Background, aims and methodology Preventing new HIV infections is critical. However, less than one in five people has access to proven prevention methods, (1) and ‘for every person placed on antiretroviral treatment in 2006, another six people became newly infected with HIV’. (2) Efforts to utilise existing prevention strategies better, and to identify new ones, […]

A Lower Body Mass Index is Associated with Cardiomyopathy in People with HIV Infection: Evidence from a Case Comparison Study (Report)

A Lower Body Mass Index is Associated with Cardiomyopathy in People with HIV Infection: Evidence from a Case Comparison Study (Report)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is, with advancing immunosuppression, a risk factor for the development of heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy. (1) In Africa, cross-sectional echocardiographic studies of HIV-infected individuals suggest a prevalence of cardiomyopathy varying from 9% in ambulant persons to 57% in hospitalised patients. (2) Patients with HIV infection and dilated cardiomyopathy […]

Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV Programme: Low Vertical Transmission in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa (Original Articles) (Human Immunodefeciency Virus)

Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV Programme: Low Vertical Transmission in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa (Original Articles) (Human Immunodefeciency Virus)

Objective. To describe the operational effectiveness of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme at McCord Hospital during the period 1 March 2004-31 August 2005. Design. Observational cohort study.

Utility of Prevention of Parent-To-Child Transmission (PPTCT) Programme Data for HIV Surveillance in General Population (Report)

Utility of Prevention of Parent-To-Child Transmission (PPTCT) Programme Data for HIV Surveillance in General Population (Report)

HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS) among antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees has been used to monitor HIV trends as well as to estimate the number of people living with HIV. Recently, information on HIV infection has also become available from prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) programmes. Systematic appraisal of the PPTCT programme data is needed for choosing […]

Is Scaling up Enough to Curb the HIV Epidemic in Southern Africa? (Issues in Public Health) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

Is Scaling up Enough to Curb the HIV Epidemic in Southern Africa? (Issues in Public Health) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

We highlight key insights and provide some food for thought on ‘Scaling up for success’, the theme of the 4th Southern African AIDS Conference (Durban, 31 March-3 April 2009), where over 4 000 scientists, field workers and activists presented and discussed research findings and best practices for HIV prevention, treatment and care in southern Africa. […]

Risky Sexual Behaviours of High-School Pupils in an Era of HIV and Aids (Original Articles) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)

Risky Sexual Behaviours of High-School Pupils in an Era of HIV and Aids (Original Articles) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)

Objective. To identify risky sexual behaviours and demographic factors that place high-school pupils at risk of HIV and AIDS. Methods. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to explore factors influencing the sexual behaviour of high-school pupils (mean age 15.4 years; SD 1.11). Structured self-reported questionnaires were completed by all grade 10 pupils (N=805) at all the […]