Some Hematological Parameters and the Prognostic Value of CD4, CD8 and Total Lymphocyte Counts and CD4/CD8 Cell Count Ratio in Healthy HIV Sero-Negative, Healthy HIV Sero-Positive and AIDS Subjects in Port Harcourt, Nigeria/Nijerya'da (Port Harcourt) Saglikli HIV Seronegatif, Saglikli HIV Seropozitif Ve AIDS Hastasi Olgularda CD4, CD8 Ve Toplam Lenfosit Sayimi Ve CD4/CD8 ... (Research Article) (Cluster of Differentiation) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) (Report)

Some Hematological Parameters and the Prognostic Value of CD4, CD8 and Total Lymphocyte Counts and CD4/CD8 Cell Count Ratio in Healthy HIV Sero-Negative, Healthy HIV Sero-Positive and AIDS Subjects in Port Harcourt, Nigeria/Nijerya’da (Port Harcourt) Saglikli HIV Seronegatif, Saglikli HIV Seropozitif Ve AIDS Hastasi Olgularda CD4, CD8 Ve Toplam Lenfosit Sayimi Ve CD4/CD8 … (Research Article) (Cluster of Differentiation) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) (Report)

Introduction Since its identification in 1981, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the associated acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remain a major health burden globally. Recent estimates indicate that over 35 million people are affected worldwide, with mortality counts of over 20 million [1]. About 70% of these deaths have occurred in sub-Saharan Africa [1], where […]

HIV & Smoking in India (Report)

HIV & Smoking in India (Report)

There are approximately 2.5 million people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWI-IA) in India–the young being particularly vulnerable. The prevalence of smoking has increased in India especially among rural, lower socio-economic and illiterate men. Studies have shown that HIV-infected smokers may be at additional risk for several infectious and non-infectious complications, including malignancies and cardiovascular events. Smoking […]

HIV Prevalence and Incidence in People 50 Years and Older in Rural South Africa (Scientific Letters) (Letter to the Editor)

HIV Prevalence and Incidence in People 50 Years and Older in Rural South Africa (Scientific Letters) (Letter to the Editor)

To the Editor: Studies of HIV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa usually focus on the age group 15-49 years. (1) However, estimates of HIV prevalence in older people are required for health policy and planning. The health care and social needs of older HIV-infected individuals differ from younger people; e.g. because of different co-morbidities, (2) different […]

Gender Differences in Sexual Behaviour Among People Living with HIV in Chennai, India.

Gender Differences in Sexual Behaviour Among People Living with HIV in Chennai, India.

Background & objectives: Risky sexual behaviour is usually the focus af HIV prevention programmes and little attention has been given to sexual behaviour patterns among HIV positive individuals. In order to ensure that people with HIV receive high quality sexual and mental health services, providers must have a comprehensive understanding of the issues and challenges […]

High Incidence of Zidovudine Induced Anaemia in HIV Infected Patients in Eastern India (Report)

High Incidence of Zidovudine Induced Anaemia in HIV Infected Patients in Eastern India (Report)

Availability of free antiretroviral drugs to HIV infected individuals in India and other countries has provided a new lease of life to these patients. However, resource constraints limit the national programme to use nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) like zidovudine (AZT) or stavudine (d4T) with lamivudine (3TC) and non nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) like […]

Supporting Rape Survivors in Adhering to Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) to Prevent HIV Infection: The Importance of Psychosocial Counselling and Support (Short REPORT)

Supporting Rape Survivors in Adhering to Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) to Prevent HIV Infection: The Importance of Psychosocial Counselling and Support (Short REPORT)

STUDY METHODS Monitoring by the Gauteng Department of Health (GDoH) of the uptake of PEP by rape survivors during the period 30 June 2002-31 May 2003 found that just 16.2% of rape survivors provided with the drugs completed all 28 days of treatment.(5) Concerned by this low rate, GDoH commissioned research from the Centre for […]

HIV Prevention Responsibilities in HIV Vaccine Trials: Complexities Facing South African Researchers (Original Articles)

HIV Prevention Responsibilities in HIV Vaccine Trials: Complexities Facing South African Researchers (Original Articles)

Background, aims and methodology Preventing new HIV infections is critical. However, less than one in five people has access to proven prevention methods, (1) and ‘for every person placed on antiretroviral treatment in 2006, another six people became newly infected with HIV’. (2) Efforts to utilise existing prevention strategies better, and to identify new ones, […]