Clinical Predictors of Low CD4 Count Among Hiv-Infected Pulmonary Tuberculosis Clients: A Health Facility-Based Survey (Original Articles) (Survey)

Clinical Predictors of Low CD4 Count Among Hiv-Infected Pulmonary Tuberculosis Clients: A Health Facility-Based Survey (Original Articles) (Survey)

Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most important opportunistic infections among HIV-infected patients. Diagnosing pulmonary TB (PTB) has become problematic because HIV-positive patients tend to be smear negative and smear microscopy is the first line of diagnosis in people suspected to have TB. (1) It is estimated that more than 50% of HIV-infected patients will […]

Pathogenic Lower Genital Tract Organisms in Hiv-Infected and Uninfected Women, And Their Association with Postpartum Infectious Morbidity (Original Articles) (Report)

Pathogenic Lower Genital Tract Organisms in Hiv-Infected and Uninfected Women, And Their Association with Postpartum Infectious Morbidity (Original Articles) (Report)

A balanced colonisation by endogenous vaginal microflora of the lower female genital tract consists of predominantly Lactobacillus species, (1) co-existing with vaginal anaerobes and aerobes such as Streptococcus agalactiae (e.g. group B streptococci) (2) and the Bacteroides family. (3) Disturbing this microbial milieu results in overgrowth of bacterial vaginosis-related organisms which are associated with a […]

Antiviral Benefits for Hiv-Infected Patients: The Crucial Role & Multiple Determinants of Adherence (Commentary) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Antiviral Benefits for Hiv-Infected Patients: The Crucial Role & Multiple Determinants of Adherence (Commentary) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

The life saving benefits of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for the treatment of HIV infection have been well documented (1). HAART needs very high levels of adherence to be effective and to prevent appearance of viral mutations related with resistance (2,3). Despite a lack of corroborative evidence, specific concerns have been raised regarding the […]

Utilisation and Outcomes of Cervical Cancer Prevention Services Among Hiv-Infected Women in Cape Town (Original Articles) (Report)

Utilisation and Outcomes of Cervical Cancer Prevention Services Among Hiv-Infected Women in Cape Town (Original Articles) (Report)

Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among South African women. The age-standardised mortality rate from cervical cancer is 21.0% in South Africa but only 8.9% worldwide. (1,2) This differential highlights inequality in the availability of screening for easily treated precursor lesions. South Africa’s cervical cancer burden severity is compounded by its HIV epidemic (2008 […]