Chemokine Profile Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) Infected Individuals from Southern India (Report)

Chemokine Profile Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) Infected Individuals from Southern India (Report)

Background & objectives: Individuals infected with HIV-1 have higher levels of chemokine producing cells compared to uninfected individuals. It is important to know the changes in chemokine levels associated with rate of progression of disease. There is a paucity of information on the plasma chemokines in HIV-1 infected individuals from India. We therefore carried out […]

GB Virus C / Hepatitis G Virus--Its Role in Human Disease Redefined?(Commentary)

GB Virus C / Hepatitis G Virus–Its Role in Human Disease Redefined?(Commentary)

As a result of the quest for yet unidentified viruses that cause human hepatitis, two novel flaviviruses were identified in the 1990s by two independent groups of researchers. GB virus C (GBV-C) was first identified in the sera from a West African population during an attempt to retrospectively track down the causative agent of an […]

Evaluation of Nuclear DNA Damage in Human Spermatozoa in Men Opting for Assisted Reproduction (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) (Clinical Report)

Evaluation of Nuclear DNA Damage in Human Spermatozoa in Men Opting for Assisted Reproduction (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) (Clinical Report)

Diagnosis of sperm DNA integrity of semen sample is important for consistently high reproductive efficiency. The conventional parameters of semen analysis take into account morphology, motility, and concentration of spermatozoa in the sample, which are insufficient for evaluation of reproductive potential. Current studies have implicated abnormal organization of genomic material in sperms as a probable […]

Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV Programme: Low Vertical Transmission in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa (Original Articles) (Human Immunodefeciency Virus)

Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV Programme: Low Vertical Transmission in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa (Original Articles) (Human Immunodefeciency Virus)

Objective. To describe the operational effectiveness of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme at McCord Hospital during the period 1 March 2004-31 August 2005. Design. Observational cohort study.

Is Scaling up Enough to Curb the HIV Epidemic in Southern Africa? (Issues in Public Health) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

Is Scaling up Enough to Curb the HIV Epidemic in Southern Africa? (Issues in Public Health) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

We highlight key insights and provide some food for thought on ‘Scaling up for success’, the theme of the 4th Southern African AIDS Conference (Durban, 31 March-3 April 2009), where over 4 000 scientists, field workers and activists presented and discussed research findings and best practices for HIV prevention, treatment and care in southern Africa. […]

Risky Sexual Behaviours of High-School Pupils in an Era of HIV and Aids (Original Articles) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)

Risky Sexual Behaviours of High-School Pupils in an Era of HIV and Aids (Original Articles) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)

Objective. To identify risky sexual behaviours and demographic factors that place high-school pupils at risk of HIV and AIDS. Methods. A cross-sectional study was undertaken to explore factors influencing the sexual behaviour of high-school pupils (mean age 15.4 years; SD 1.11). Structured self-reported questionnaires were completed by all grade 10 pupils (N=805) at all the […]