Doing HIV Medicine in Southern Africa--What Does the Epidemic Teach US?(Original Articles) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus )

Doing HIV Medicine in Southern Africa–What Does the Epidemic Teach US?(Original Articles) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus )

As my grandmother used to say, ‘There are only two families in the world, the haves and the have-nots.’ (1) (Cervantes) In the last analysis it is not so much their subjects that the great teachers teach us as it is they themselves. (2) (Frederich Buechner) If the HIV epidemic has done Africa any good, […]

Challenges in Providing HIV Care to Paediatric Age Group in India (Commentary) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

Challenges in Providing HIV Care to Paediatric Age Group in India (Commentary) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

Over 90 per cent of the 2 million HIV infected children worldwide, live in developing countries (1). In India, 3.8 per cent (2) (approximately 100,000 (3)) of an estimated 2.5 million persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) are children. As of September 2008, of about 1,77,808 individuals started on antiretroviral therapy (ART) since its launch in […]

The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Blood Transfusion Practice in South Africa: Some Ethical Issues (Original Articles) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Blood Transfusion Practice in South Africa: Some Ethical Issues (Original Articles) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

Blood transfusion has become an essential component of modern medical practice. However, worldwide epidemics of viral diseases–in particular, HIV/AIDS–have made the practice of blood transfusion therapy hazardous, motivating scientists to devise techniques and strategies to ensure the supply of safe blood and blood components for clinical use. The challenges are particularly great in sub-Saharan Africa, […]

High Prevalence of Abnormal Pap Smears Among Young Women Co-Infected with HIV in Rural South Africa--Implications for Cervical Cancer Screening Policies in High HIV Prevalence Populations (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Case Study)

High Prevalence of Abnormal Pap Smears Among Young Women Co-Infected with HIV in Rural South Africa–Implications for Cervical Cancer Screening Policies in High HIV Prevalence Populations (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Case Study)

Objective. To establish the relationship between HIV infection and cervical dysplasia in young women in rural South Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted at a primary health care clinic in Vulindlela, KwaZulu-Natal. Standardised questionnaires were used to collect sociodemographic and clinical presentation data from women attending family planning and other reproductive health services. Pap smears […]

National Population-Based HIV Surveys--the Method of Choice for Measuring the HIV Epidemic (Samj Forum) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

National Population-Based HIV Surveys–the Method of Choice for Measuring the HIV Epidemic (Samj Forum) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

National population-based surveys that include HIV testing are considered to be the ‘gold standard’ to measure HIV prevalence at a country level, since such surveys include men, non-pregnant women and children, and hence a much wider proportion of the population than do antenatal surveys. (1) Three national HIV household surveys have been conducted in South […]

Antiviral Benefits for Hiv-Infected Patients: The Crucial Role & Multiple Determinants of Adherence (Commentary) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Antiviral Benefits for Hiv-Infected Patients: The Crucial Role & Multiple Determinants of Adherence (Commentary) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

The life saving benefits of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for the treatment of HIV infection have been well documented (1). HAART needs very high levels of adherence to be effective and to prevent appearance of viral mutations related with resistance (2,3). Despite a lack of corroborative evidence, specific concerns have been raised regarding the […]

Prevalence of HIV Infection and Median CD4 Counts Among Health Care Workers in South Africa (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Case Study)

Prevalence of HIV Infection and Median CD4 Counts Among Health Care Workers in South Africa (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Case Study)

Objective. To determine the prevalence of HIV infection and the extent of disease progression based on CD4 count in a public health system workforce in southern Africa. Design. Cross-sectional voluntary, anonymous, unlinked survey including an oral fluid or blood sample and a brief demographic questionnaire.