Background & objectives: Protein energy malnutrition (PEM), an important cause of secondary immune deficiency, is associated with several abnormalities in the immune system including cytokine production. In the present study cytokine levels (both pro- and anti-inflammatory) were evaluated in protein energy malnourished children following nutritional rehabilitation with curd (Indian dahi) and leaf protein concentrate (LPC). […]
Background & objectives: Urban Indians have a high prevalence of insulin resistance, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. We studied the prevalence of pre-hypertension and hypertension, as well their association with cardiovascular risk factors, in a north Indian upper socio-economic population. Methods: A total of 1746 adults (age [greater than or equal to] 30 yr) residing in […]
Introduction ‘Raves’ are parties with loud, electronic “techno-rock” music, laser light shows, and all-night dancing held in clandestine locations, including warehouses, nightclubs, and farm fields (1). These first became popular in Great Britain in the late 1980s. The underground or noncommercial music featured at raves which is produced by computers and include little or no […]
Introduction Since the end of the 1960-ies, there have been around 1000-1500 international adoptions per year in Sweden. During the period 1969-2007 there have been 48094 children adopted in Sweden. Of these 6821 (14%) have come from India. During the peak years of adoption in the 1980-ies about 20-25 per cent of the arrivals each […]
Sir, The National President of the Indian Medical Association (IMA) (2005-2006) Dr Sudipto Roy set up a sub-committee on childhood immunization in India, under the chairmanship of Professor S.K. Mittal with a view to advise policy. This report refers to the subcommittee’s findings on the issue of hepatitis B vaccination in India.
Some genetic disorders are ubiquitous, occurring in every ethnic group and in all geographical regions, while others show considerable ethnic and geographical specificity. In turn, the presence or absence of specific genetic disorders in a particular community has important implications for medical diagnosis, management and genetic counselling. The genetic disorders present in South Africa were […]
In 2008, around 5 million people in Asia were living with HIV. India accounts for about half of these infections (1). Sentinel surveillance conducted by the National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) shows that in the general population HIV prevalence is low (0.25-0.43%), but among high-risk groups, HIV prevalence is much more. In at least five […]