Sero Diagnosis of Legionella Infection in Community Acquired Pneumonia (Report)

Sero Diagnosis of Legionella Infection in Community Acquired Pneumonia (Report)

Legionnaire’s disease is acute pneumonia caused by Legionella spp., which are responsible for 2-5 per cent of community acquired pneumonia (CAP) (1). Patients are infected by inhalation of aerosols containing Legionella species or by aspiration of water contaminated with Legionella species. Over 90 per cent of Legionnaire’s disease cases are caused by Legionella pneumophila, of […]

Severe Acute Respiratory Infection with Influenza A (H1N1) During Pregnancy (Scientific Letters) (Report)

Severe Acute Respiratory Infection with Influenza A (H1N1) During Pregnancy (Scientific Letters) (Report)

To the Editor: Pregnant women are at high risk of severe acute respiratory infection if infected with the influenza A (H1N1) virus. On 14 August 2009 the first complicated H1N1 obstetric patient was admitted to the obstetric critical care unit (OCCU) at Tygerberg Hospital with respiratory distress. The clinical picture was that of bronchopneumonia, and […]

Cancer and Infection (Report)

Cancer and Infection (Report)

Cancer may be induced through multiple factors. These include environmental factors, carcinogens, as a factor of ageing, genetic mutations, immune system disorders, poor diet and by some viruses. There is a long history found in the scientific literature implicating bacterial infection as cancer induction. For over 100 years scientists have cultured varying bacteria from tumours […]

Supporting Rape Survivors in Adhering to Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) to Prevent HIV Infection: The Importance of Psychosocial Counselling and Support (Short REPORT)

Supporting Rape Survivors in Adhering to Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) to Prevent HIV Infection: The Importance of Psychosocial Counselling and Support (Short REPORT)

STUDY METHODS Monitoring by the Gauteng Department of Health (GDoH) of the uptake of PEP by rape survivors during the period 30 June 2002-31 May 2003 found that just 16.2% of rape survivors provided with the drugs completed all 28 days of treatment.(5) Concerned by this low rate, GDoH commissioned research from the Centre for […]

A Lower Body Mass Index is Associated with Cardiomyopathy in People with HIV Infection: Evidence from a Case Comparison Study (Report)

A Lower Body Mass Index is Associated with Cardiomyopathy in People with HIV Infection: Evidence from a Case Comparison Study (Report)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is, with advancing immunosuppression, a risk factor for the development of heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy. (1) In Africa, cross-sectional echocardiographic studies of HIV-infected individuals suggest a prevalence of cardiomyopathy varying from 9% in ambulant persons to 57% in hospitalised patients. (2) Patients with HIV infection and dilated cardiomyopathy […]

Recent Developments in Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection (Report)

Recent Developments in Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection (Report)

Introduction It has been estimated by the World Health Organization (WHO) that more than one third of the entire world’s population, or approximately 2 billion persons are infected and can be considered carriers of TB. From this vast pool of persons with latent TB infection (LTBI) approximately 200 million will tuberculosis prevention–tuberculosis treatment develop active […]