HPV & HPV Vaccination: Issues in Developing Countries (Review Article) (Human Papillomavirus) (Report)

HPV & HPV Vaccination: Issues in Developing Countries (Review Article) (Human Papillomavirus) (Report)

Cervical cancer is the second-most common cancer in women worldwide causing most cancer related deaths in women in developing countries including India. The most predominant etiological factor for cervical cancer is persistent infection of certain high-risk types of human papillomaviruses (HR-HPVs), while low-risk types are associated with benign cervical lesions and genital warts. In India, […]

Issues in Nutrient Supplementation of Breast-Milk Fed Low Birth Weight Infants (Commentary) (Clinical Report)

Issues in Nutrient Supplementation of Breast-Milk Fed Low Birth Weight Infants (Commentary) (Clinical Report)

Of the 20.6 million low birth weight (LBW) infants born every year, about 8 million are born in India (1). Low birth weight is the most important risk factor for neonatal mortality, contributing to about three quarters of neonatal deaths in India (2). In order to survive through infancy, LBW infants need additional care particularly […]

Home Self-Testing for HIV: AIDS Exceptionalism Gone Wrong (Issues IN PUBLIC Health) (Report)

Home Self-Testing for HIV: AIDS Exceptionalism Gone Wrong (Issues IN PUBLIC Health) (Report)

Self-tests for HIV in South Africa are currently unregulated. Gaps in law and policy have created a legal loophole where such tests could effectively be sold in supermarkets, but not in pharmacies. At the same time, South Africa lacks an effective regulating mechanism for diagnostic tests, which brings the quality and reliability of all self-tests […]

The Edges of Physician Liability (Medicolegal Issues)

The Edges of Physician Liability (Medicolegal Issues)

The viability of any negligence claim, including a medical negligence claim, is predicated on the defendant’s duty to exercise reasonable care. In a medical negligence claim, this duty arises out of the physician-patient relationship. Two circumstances, however, test the limits of this duty: the conduct necessary to establish a physician-patient relationship and the potential liability […]

Ethical and Professional Issues in the Practice of Complementary Medicine in Retail Pharmacies.

Ethical and Professional Issues in the Practice of Complementary Medicine in Retail Pharmacies.

Herbalists, naturopaths and other practitioners of complementary medicine (CM professionals) are becoming an increasingly visible phenomenon. This paper aims to provoke thought in the areas of ethics and professional practice in the multidisciplinary health care milieu of the typical retail pharmacy. Complementary medicine (CM) practice in community pharmacy is presented as potentially beneficial for both […]

Preemption, Tort Reform, And Pharmaceutical Claims: Part Two: Has the Food and Drug Administration Shown It is Solely Responsible for the Protection of Patients? can It Do So? will It Do So?(Medicolegal Issues)

Preemption, Tort Reform, And Pharmaceutical Claims: Part Two: Has the Food and Drug Administration Shown It is Solely Responsible for the Protection of Patients? can It Do So? will It Do So?(Medicolegal Issues)

There should be no question that adverse drug events are a significant issue. A recent report indicated that in 2005 there were 89,842 serious adverse drug-related events (1), and 15,107 of these adverse events were deaths (1). In 2002, adverse drug events were associated with more than 3 million hospital admissions and increased the US […]

Protection of Human Participants in Health Research--a Comparison of Some US Federal Regulations and South African Research Ethics Guidelines (Issues IN RESEARCH)

Protection of Human Participants in Health Research–a Comparison of Some US Federal Regulations and South African Research Ethics Guidelines (Issues IN RESEARCH)

In response to criticism of ethical review of a South African clinical trial, we contrast aspects of the United States Common Rule with South African research ethics requirements. In the USA the Common Rule does not apply to all health research and allows many exemptions from ethics review and waivers of informed consent. At a […]