National Population-Based HIV Surveys--the Method of Choice for Measuring the HIV Epidemic (Samj Forum) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

National Population-Based HIV Surveys–the Method of Choice for Measuring the HIV Epidemic (Samj Forum) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Report)

National population-based surveys that include HIV testing are considered to be the ‘gold standard’ to measure HIV prevalence at a country level, since such surveys include men, non-pregnant women and children, and hence a much wider proportion of the population than do antenatal surveys. (1) Three national HIV household surveys have been conducted in South […]

Measuring Change Using Communication Rating Scales: The Case for Rasch Analysis, As Illustrated with the ASHA Facs (Health Care Forum) (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Functional Assessment of Communication Skills for Adults)

Measuring Change Using Communication Rating Scales: The Case for Rasch Analysis, As Illustrated with the ASHA Facs (Health Care Forum) (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Functional Assessment of Communication Skills for Adults)

More than a decade ago, the authors of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Functional Assessment of Communication Skills for Adults (ASHA FACS; Frattali, Thompson, Holland, Wohl, & Ferketic, 1995) purported that the instrument would “enhance … documentation of progress” and “yield a robust body of functional outcome data” (manual, p. 7). However, because of its ordinal […]

Impact of Communication Interaction on Measuring Self- and Proxy-Rated Depression in Dementia.

Impact of Communication Interaction on Measuring Self- and Proxy-Rated Depression in Dementia.

This study examined whether teaching nursing aides to interact more effectively with patients with dementia affected self-, proxy, and concordance ratings of depression. Predictors of depression ratings were determined from measures of verbal interaction under different conditions of social closeness, training condition, and patient variables. Results revealed that proxy ratings of depression were significantly lower […]