Determinants of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: Results from a National Survey (Original Articles)

Determinants of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis in South Africa: Results from a National Survey (Original Articles)

South Africa (SA) ranks second among the 22 high-burden tuberculosis (TB) countries in terms of TB incidence and seventh in terms of overall TB burden. (1) The TB epidemic is largely a result of historical neglect, health service fragmentation and poor patient management, compounded by one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics ever recorded. (2) […]

Public Health in Africa--the Role of National Public Health Institutes (Issues in Public Health)

Public Health in Africa–the Role of National Public Health Institutes (Issues in Public Health)

The trends of reduced life expectancies in many nations of the developing world, and particularly in Africa, clearly reflect the perilous state of public health in these countries. Examples include Sierra Leone, with a life expectancy of 34 years, Botswana (37 years), and Malawi (38 years). (1) The extent of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa, […]

Health Financing Reform in Kenya--Assessing the Social Health Insurance Proposal (National Social Health Insurance Fund )

Health Financing Reform in Kenya–Assessing the Social Health Insurance Proposal (National Social Health Insurance Fund )

Kenya has had a history of health financing policy changes since its independence in 1963. Recently, significant preparatory work was done on a new Social Health Insurance Law that, if accepted, would lead to universal health coverage in Kenya after a transition period. Questions of economic feasibility and political acceptability continue to be discussed, with […]

The National Registration and Accreditation Scheme: What would Inclusion Mean for Naturopathy and Western Herbal Medicine? Part I: the Legislation (Report)

The National Registration and Accreditation Scheme: What would Inclusion Mean for Naturopathy and Western Herbal Medicine? Part I: the Legislation (Report)

Introduction On 26 March 2008 the Commonwealth, State and Territory Health Ministers agreed to partake in a national registration scheme for health professionals to replace the State based regulation of health practitioners. This was part of a wider range of measures designed to reduce regulatory burdens, not just in health but in all areas of […]

Does South Africa Need a National Clinical Trials Support Unit?(Original Articles) (Report)

Does South Africa Need a National Clinical Trials Support Unit?(Original Articles) (Report)

The randomised controlled trial (RCT) is the gold standard for evaluating the effects of health care interventions. (1) Therefore, South African health policy and clinical guidelines should be based on well-conducted RCTs that ideally are conducted within the country to ensure local applicability. Conducting RCTs in South Africa faces numerous obstacles. Specialist training in the […]

Campus Perspective on the National Institutes of Health Public Access Policy: University of California, San Francisco, Library Experience (Brief Communications) (Report)

Campus Perspective on the National Institutes of Health Public Access Policy: University of California, San Francisco, Library Experience (Brief Communications) (Report)

BACKGROUND The National Institutes of Health (NIH) public access policy became effective in April 2008 and was signed into law in March 2009 [1]. Following the example of funding agencies throughout North America and Europe–such as the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Wellcome Trust–the NIH public access policy requires that the results of […]

The Translational Sciences: A Rare Open Access Opportunity (Comment and Opinion) (National Institutes of Health Public Access Policy) (Viewpoint Essay)

The Translational Sciences: A Rare Open Access Opportunity (Comment and Opinion) (National Institutes of Health Public Access Policy) (Viewpoint Essay)

Health sciences librarians serve society by making needed health-related information available to our users. The Medical Library Association’s (MLA’s) slogan, “Professionals providing quality information for improved health”; the 2010 revised MLA Code of Ethics [1]; and the American Library Association’s code of ethics [2] all reflect our profession’s central purpose. One formal research study on […]