The Prevalence of Hepatitis B Co-Infection in a South African Urban Government HIV Clinic (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

The Prevalence of Hepatitis B Co-Infection in a South African Urban Government HIV Clinic (Original Articles) (Clinical Report)

Objective. There are an estimated 350 million hepatitis B carriers worldwide. In South Africa the prevalence of mono-infection with hepatitis B has been estimated to range from 1% in urban areas to approximately 10% in rural areas. The exact prevalence of hepatitis B in the HIV-infected population has not been well established. Hepatitis B screening […]

Prevalence of Bacterial Contamination of Powdered Infant Feeds in a Hospital Environment.

Prevalence of Bacterial Contamination of Powdered Infant Feeds in a Hospital Environment.

Background. The study arose as part of a best-practice nutrition model regarding the introduction of ready-to-use (RTU) infant feeds in place of powdered infant feeds (PIFs) as a standard formula for infants under the age of 1 year who are unable to be breastfed. Internationally and locally there is grave concern regarding the safety and […]

High Prevalence of Abnormal Pap Smears Among Young Women Co-Infected with HIV in Rural South Africa--Implications for Cervical Cancer Screening Policies in High HIV Prevalence Populations (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Case Study)

High Prevalence of Abnormal Pap Smears Among Young Women Co-Infected with HIV in Rural South Africa–Implications for Cervical Cancer Screening Policies in High HIV Prevalence Populations (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Case Study)

Objective. To establish the relationship between HIV infection and cervical dysplasia in young women in rural South Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted at a primary health care clinic in Vulindlela, KwaZulu-Natal. Standardised questionnaires were used to collect sociodemographic and clinical presentation data from women attending family planning and other reproductive health services. Pap smears […]

Prevalence of Obesity and Hypertension Among Adults in Ogbomoso, Nigeria (Original Work) (Report)

Prevalence of Obesity and Hypertension Among Adults in Ogbomoso, Nigeria (Original Work) (Report)

INTRODUCTION Developing countries are now witnessing an increase in overweight, obesity and obesity-related morbidity. (1) Urbanization and economic development has resulted into a nutritional transition characterized by a shift to a higher caloric content of diet and/or to the reduction of physical activity, and whose consequences are changes in the body composition of the individuals. […]