Objective. There are an estimated 350 million hepatitis B carriers worldwide. In South Africa the prevalence of mono-infection with hepatitis B has been estimated to range from 1% in urban areas to approximately 10% in rural areas. The exact prevalence of hepatitis B in the HIV-infected population has not been well established. Hepatitis B screening […]
Since the introduction of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) strategies, vertical transmission of HIV has declined in low- and middle-income countries over 20 years from 20-40% to 2.8% in the best-case scenarios. (1) In wealthy countries, transmission rates are below 2%. (2,3) In South Africa, the revised clinical guidelines introduced in 2010 included starting dual zidovudine/nevirapine […]
There are around 1.2 billion adolescents (between 10 and 19 years of age) worldwide. (1) In South Africa, the number of adolescents is estimated at 9 950 100–almost 21% of the population. (2) They constitute a large fraction of society, with specific characteristics and needs. Sexual maturation and physical growth to almost adult size are […]
Background. Since 1994, higher education policy has been committed to equity of access for all, irrespective of race and gender. Objectives. We investigated progress towards these goals in the education of medical doctors, with an emphasis on gender.
The Collaboration for Health Equity through Education and Research (CHEER) was formed in 2003 to examine strategies that would increase the production of health professional graduates who choose to practise in rural and under-served areas in South Africa. It consists of an academic from each of nine universities in South Africa with a health science […]
In 2008, the Colleges of Medicine of South Africa (CMSA) initiated a project entitled ‘Strengthening Academic Medicine and Specialist Training’ as a response to the concern among medical and dental professionals about increasing challenges in the academic training environment and issues relating to the output and retention of specialists and sub-specialists in the public health […]
In response to criticism of ethical review of a South African clinical trial, we contrast aspects of the United States Common Rule with South African research ethics requirements. In the USA the Common Rule does not apply to all health research and allows many exemptions from ethics review and waivers of informed consent. At a […]