The Role of Neurotransmitters in IBS Pathophysiology: A Literature Review (Under Grad) (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

The Role of Neurotransmitters in IBS Pathophysiology: A Literature Review (Under Grad) (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)

Objective: To determine if neurotransmitters have relevance in the pathology of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Review methods: Electronic searches of literature from PUBMED, MEDLINE and EBSCO in October and November 2006 using the terms IBS, neurotransmitters, serotonin, CCK, mast cell, 5-HT, substance P. Some of the articles were only published in abstract form.

The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Blood Transfusion Practice in South Africa: Some Ethical Issues (Original Articles) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Blood Transfusion Practice in South Africa: Some Ethical Issues (Original Articles) (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

Blood transfusion has become an essential component of modern medical practice. However, worldwide epidemics of viral diseases–in particular, HIV/AIDS–have made the practice of blood transfusion therapy hazardous, motivating scientists to devise techniques and strategies to ensure the supply of safe blood and blood components for clinical use. The challenges are particularly great in sub-Saharan Africa, […]

Role of Biomarkers in Risk Stratification of Acute Coronary Syndrome (Report)

Role of Biomarkers in Risk Stratification of Acute Coronary Syndrome (Report)

Introduction Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an umbrella term for a wide spectrum of clinical sign and symptoms suggestive of myocardial ischaemia. The ultimate clinical implication of ACS may therefore vary from assuredly benign to potentially fatal. Thus further risk stratification of this syndrome complex is imperative. It has been seen that 50 per cent […]

Neuropathic Pain in AIDS Patients Prior to Antiretroviral Therapy (Original Articles) (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) (Report)

Neuropathic Pain in AIDS Patients Prior to Antiretroviral Therapy (Original Articles) (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) (Report)

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has a predilection for nerve tissue; therefore, the peripheral nerves, spinal cord and brain are frequently affected in patients with HIV/AIDS, resulting in a high prevalence of neuropathic pain. Neuropathic pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) as ‘… pain initiated or caused by […]

Metabolic Syndrome As a Marker of Risk in Type 2 Diabetes (Commentary)

Metabolic Syndrome As a Marker of Risk in Type 2 Diabetes (Commentary)

That atherosclerosis is a metabolic disorder has been known for centuries. The “gruel” or “athere” from which the name of an “atheroma” is derived was demonstrated to be a mixture of cholesterol and many other fats including triglycerides (1). John Hunter in his seminal observations on angina pectoris a century later reported that persons with […]

Effect of Herbal Medicine Dia-No on Clinical and Biochemical Parameters of Metabolic Syndrome (Report)

Effect of Herbal Medicine Dia-No on Clinical and Biochemical Parameters of Metabolic Syndrome (Report)

Herbal preparations have attracted attention in the management of metabolic syndrome. Since time immemorial, medicinal plants have been used in virtually all cultures. The traditional herbs require scientific and medical evaluation. Ten classic herbs have been combined in Dia-No, a polyherbal preparation containing water extracts of its ingredients, known for their anti-hyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic potential. […]