Botulinum Neurotoxin for Failed Tracheoesophageal Speech: Phonatory and Functional Voice Outcomes (Report)

Botulinum Neurotoxin for Failed Tracheoesophageal Speech: Phonatory and Functional Voice Outcomes (Report)

Keywords: botulinum toxin; laryngectomy; hypertonicity; phonation; Voice Handicap Index Prior research supports the use of botulinum toxin to improve phonatory duration for laryngectomy patients with failed tracheoesophageal speech (TES) caused by hypertonicity or spasm of the pharyngoesophageal (PE) segment. However, few studies to date have examined its impact on connected speech, and no studies have […]