Objective. To describe the operational effectiveness of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme at McCord Hospital during the period 1 March 2004-31 August 2005. Design. Observational cohort study.
HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS) among antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees has been used to monitor HIV trends as well as to estimate the number of people living with HIV. Recently, information on HIV infection has also become available from prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) programmes. Systematic appraisal of the PPTCT programme data is needed for choosing […]
Since the introduction of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) strategies, vertical transmission of HIV has declined in low- and middle-income countries over 20 years from 20-40% to 2.8% in the best-case scenarios. (1) In wealthy countries, transmission rates are below 2%. (2,3) In South Africa, the revised clinical guidelines introduced in 2010 included starting dual zidovudine/nevirapine […]
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem in the Western Cape, with a rising incidence which now exceeds 900 per 100 000 population. (1) In this setting, nosocomial transmission of TB is a potential risk, particularly to HIV-infected or other immunocompromised patients. Nosocomial outbreaks of TB are usually noted initially because of increasing rates of […]
Sir, Transovarial or vertical transmission of dengue viruses across mosquito generations (1-3) may play a crucial role in retention of viral pathogen during inter epidemic periods of dengue in an endemic setting. Significance of persistence of this phenomenon across mosquito generations as maintenance mechanism of virus has already been reported (4,5). Recently we have reported […]
Byline: Rukuye Aylaz, Gulsen Gunes, Erkan Pehlivan and Leyla Karaoglu ABSTRACT