Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV Programme: Low Vertical Transmission in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa (Original Articles) (Human Immunodefeciency Virus)

Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV Programme: Low Vertical Transmission in Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa (Original Articles) (Human Immunodefeciency Virus)

Objective. To describe the operational effectiveness of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme at McCord Hospital during the period 1 March 2004-31 August 2005. Design. Observational cohort study.

Utility of Prevention of Parent-To-Child Transmission (PPTCT) Programme Data for HIV Surveillance in General Population (Report)

Utility of Prevention of Parent-To-Child Transmission (PPTCT) Programme Data for HIV Surveillance in General Population (Report)

HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS) among antenatal clinic (ANC) attendees has been used to monitor HIV trends as well as to estimate the number of people living with HIV. Recently, information on HIV infection has also become available from prevention of parent-to-child transmission (PPTCT) programmes. Systematic appraisal of the PPTCT programme data is needed for choosing […]

Progress of Preventing Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV at Primary Healthcare Facilities and District Hospitals in Three South African Provinces (Scientific Letters) (Report)

Progress of Preventing Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV at Primary Healthcare Facilities and District Hospitals in Three South African Provinces (Scientific Letters) (Report)

Since the introduction of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) strategies, vertical transmission of HIV has declined in low- and middle-income countries over 20 years from 20-40% to 2.8% in the best-case scenarios. (1) In wealthy countries, transmission rates are below 2%. (2,3) In South Africa, the revised clinical guidelines introduced in 2010 included starting dual zidovudine/nevirapine […]

Potential for Nosocomial Transmission of Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Tuberculosis in a South African Tertiary Hospital (Original Articles) (Report)

Potential for Nosocomial Transmission of Multidrug-Resistant (MDR) Tuberculosis in a South African Tertiary Hospital (Original Articles) (Report)

Tuberculosis (TB) is a major health problem in the Western Cape, with a rising incidence which now exceeds 900 per 100 000 population. (1) In this setting, nosocomial transmission of TB is a potential risk, particularly to HIV-infected or other immunocompromised patients. Nosocomial outbreaks of TB are usually noted initially because of increasing rates of […]

Association of Ovarian Proteins with Transovarial Transmission of Dengue Viruses by Aedes Mosquitoes in Rajasthan, India (Correspondence)

Association of Ovarian Proteins with Transovarial Transmission of Dengue Viruses by Aedes Mosquitoes in Rajasthan, India (Correspondence)

Sir, Transovarial or vertical transmission of dengue viruses across mosquito generations (1-3) may play a crucial role in retention of viral pathogen during inter epidemic periods of dengue in an endemic setting. Significance of persistence of this phenomenon across mosquito generations as maintenance mechanism of virus has already been reported (4,5). Recently we have reported […]