Abdominal and Pericardial Ultrasound in Suspected Extrapulmonary Or Disseminated Tuberculosis (Original Articles) (Report)

Abdominal and Pericardial Ultrasound in Suspected Extrapulmonary Or Disseminated Tuberculosis (Original Articles) (Report)

Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is defined as tuberculosis (TB) of organs other than the lungs and usually results from lympho-haematogenous dissemination of the organism. The term disseminated TB refers to TB that involves multiple body systems, including the lungs. Target areas are usually those with high vascularity and include the lymph nodes, meninges, spleen, kidneys, spine […]

Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Children--What's New?(Original Articles)

Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Children–What’s New?(Original Articles)

The global burden of paediatric tuberculosis (TB) has been underappreciated. Control programmes, focused on adult infectious cases, have largely based case detection and reporting on sputum smear results. (1) However, evidence suggests that in developing countries, where most disease occurs, childhood TB constitutes a large proportion of the TB caseload, contributing approximately 15-20% of all […]

Clinical Predictors of Low CD4 Count Among Hiv-Infected Pulmonary Tuberculosis Clients: A Health Facility-Based Survey (Original Articles) (Survey)

Clinical Predictors of Low CD4 Count Among Hiv-Infected Pulmonary Tuberculosis Clients: A Health Facility-Based Survey (Original Articles) (Survey)

Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most important opportunistic infections among HIV-infected patients. Diagnosing pulmonary TB (PTB) has become problematic because HIV-positive patients tend to be smear negative and smear microscopy is the first line of diagnosis in people suspected to have TB. (1) It is estimated that more than 50% of HIV-infected patients will […]

Recent Developments in Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection (Report)

Recent Developments in Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection (Report)

Introduction It has been estimated by the World Health Organization (WHO) that more than one third of the entire world’s population, or approximately 2 billion persons are infected and can be considered carriers of TB. From this vast pool of persons with latent TB infection (LTBI) approximately 200 million will tuberculosis prevention–tuberculosis treatment develop active […]

Anti-Tuberculosis Activity of Selected Medicinal Plants Against Multi-Drug Resistant Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Isolates (Report)

Anti-Tuberculosis Activity of Selected Medicinal Plants Against Multi-Drug Resistant Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Isolates (Report)

Tuberculosis is a highly infectious disease with about one third of the world’s population including 40 per cent from India estimated to be infected it (1). However, this problem has become serious as Mycobacterium tuberculosis developed resistance against both the first line as also the second line drugs. Due to this, there is emergence of […]