Introduction Since its identification in 1981, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the associated acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remain a major health burden globally. Recent estimates indicate that over 35 million people are affected worldwide, with mortality counts of over 20 million . About 70% of these deaths have occurred in sub-Saharan Africa , where […]
Byline: Muhammad Tahir, Muhammad Babar Khan, Hassan Burair Abbas and Ghulam Mustafa Abstract
Background. The maternal mortality ratio in poor countries is reported to be 650/100 000 live births. This high maternal mortality may be associated with increasing numbers of HIV-related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. Objective. To establish the direct causes of maternal mortality related to the HIV syndrome.
INFLUENZA VIRUS In 1918, a new influenza virus, whose natural home was in birds, infected humans. Within months, it adapted to its new host, starting with US soldiers in World War I military camps and spreading rapidly from person to person. This influenza virus killed more people than any other plague in history. In 24 […]
As a result of the quest for yet unidentified viruses that cause human hepatitis, two novel flaviviruses were identified in the 1990s by two independent groups of researchers. GB virus C (GBV-C) was first identified in the sera from a West African population during an attempt to retrospectively track down the causative agent of an […]
Objective. To describe the operational effectiveness of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV programme at McCord Hospital during the period 1 March 2004-31 August 2005. Design. Observational cohort study.
Introduction Cancer remains a major cause of deaths in humans. Every organs of the body can be affected regardless of age, gender, race/ethnic background, diet, and the environment. Cancer results either due to decreased cell death or increased cell birth (1). In other words, any deregulation in cell cycle or the programmed cell death results […]