Toxoplasma Seroprevalence in Healthy Voluntary Blood Donors from Urban Karnataka.
Background & objectives: Although many infections can be transmitted through blood transfusion, it is not possible to carry out screening tests for all. Among the protozoal diseases transmitted by blood transfusion in India the most important is malaria, followed by toxoplasmosis. Screening for malaria is mandatory in India. We evaluated the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in healthy adult population of blood donors in Karnataka, south India. Methods: A total of 1000 serum samples collected in two batches (500 each) in the years 2004 and 2005 from healthy voluntary blood donors were tested for T. gondii antibodies by ELISA method, in addition to the other five mandatory tests.