What is the streak plate method? What foods are involved in an outbreak of staphylococcus food poisoning? What type of disease is caused by Bacillus cereus? If you cannot answer these questions now, you will be able to when you have completed this subcourse. For those who already know this material, let it serve as a review.
Why are we interested in microbiology? Microorganisms are one of the major causes of food spoilage and food deterioration in the Armed Forces. Millions of dollars’ worth of subsistence is lost due to microbial spoilage each year. Additionally, many man-hours are lost due to outbreaks of foodborne illness. Therefore, in order to protect the health of the troops, the veterinary specialist must have a basic knowledge of microbiology.
This subcourse is approved for resident and correspondence course instruction. It reflects the current thought of the Academy of Health Sciences and conforms to printed Department of the Army doctrine as closely as currently possible.
CHAPTER 1 – INTRODUCTION TO MICROBIOLOGY * Section I – Introduction * Section II – Microbiological Relationships * Section III – Aspects of Pathogenicity. * Section IV – Host Resistance * Section V – The Bacterial Cell * Section VI – Collecting and Processing of Bacteriological Specimens * Section VII – Microscopic Examination of Bacteria * Section VIII – Cultivation of Bacteria * Section IX – Environmental Factors * Section X – Anaerobic Methods * Section XI – Antibacterial Agents, Sterilization, and Aseptic Technique * Section XII – Isolation of Bacteria * Exercises * CHAPTER 2 – MICROORGANISMS CAUSING FOODBORNE ILLNESS AND OTHER DISEASES OF PUBLIC HEALTH SIGNIFICANCE * Section I – Introduction to Foodborne Illness * Section II – Staphylococci * Section III – Streptococci * Section IV – Corynebacteria and Related Species * Section V – Bacillus Species * Section VI – Clostridia * Section VII – Mycobacteria * Section VIII – Enterobacteriaceae * Section IX – Yersinia Pestis * Section X – Pseudomonas * Section XI – Brucella * Section XII – Bordetella * Section XIII – Francisella Tularensis * Section XIV – Miscellaneous Organisms * Exercises * CHAPTER 3 – FOOD SPOILAGE DUE TO MICROORGANISMS * Section I – Introduction * Section II – Bacterial Spoilage of Various Food Products * Section III – Molds * Section IV – Yeasts
Microbial disease must be understood in terms of the interrelationship among parasites, the host, and the environment. For example, the general health of the host may determine whether a disease occurs and how severe it may be. Even though a microorganism may be part of the ordinary flora, it can cause disease if the host’s natural defenses are not fully effective.