Usefulness of Endoscopic Ultrasound in Patients at High Risk of Choledocholithiasis (Clinical Report)
Background: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been considered the nonsurgical gold standard for the diagnosis and treatment of choledocholithiasis (CDL). Complications include a 0.1% to 1.3% mortality rate and a 5% to 19% morbidity rate, including a reported 1.8% to 6.7% incidence of postprocedure pancreatitis. Twenty-seven percent to 67% of ERCPs done for suspected choledocholithiasis ultimately have negative results. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has been proposed as an alternate means of diagnosing choledocholithiasis that may eliminate the need for ERCP and its associated morbidities in certain patients. Methods: Retrospective chart review identified 30 patients who underwent EUS with or without ERCP for suspected choledocholithiasis. Reports of all procedures performed were obtained and data were collected on all biliary abnormalities identified on both EUS and ERCP.