Validation Study of Intraoperative Fine-Needle Aspiration of Parathyroid Tissue with Measurement of Parathyroid Hormone Levels Using the Rapid Intraoperative Assay (Clinical Report)
Background: Surgical treatment of hyperparathyroidism relies on the ability to accurately identify parathyroid tissue. The use of intraoperative fine-needle aspiration (FNA) with measurement of intact parathyroid hormone level (iPTH-FNA) has been suggested as a useful adjunct and is evaluated in this pilot study. Methods: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review was performed on patients undergoing parathyroid exploration for primary hyperparathyroidism who also underwent selective FNA at the end of the procedure. FNA was performed on excised parathyroid tissue, ipsilateral thyroid tissue, and muscle.