Vitamin D & Bone Mineral Density of Healthy School Children in Northern India (Report)

Vitamin D & Bone Mineral Density of Healthy School Children in Northern India (Report)

Studies on bone mineral health in children have been primarily based on clinical, biochemical and radiological evidence. Measurement of vitamin D levels and bone mass by non invasive imaging techniques like dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), have led to a plethora of data regarding various factors responsible for bone mineral health from various countries including India. We reviewed the currently available evidence on status of calcium-vitamin D-parathormone (PTH) relationship and bone mineral density (BMD) in apparently healthy children. High prevalence of clinical and biochemical hypovitaminosis D exists in apparently healthy school children from north India. Also, children from upper socio-economic strata (USES) from Delhi had significantly higher mean BMD values at distal forearm (BMDdf) and calcameum (BMDca) than those from lower socio-economic strata (LSES). Age, nutrition, height and weight were seen to be significantly associated with BMD at peripheral sites. Key words Bone mineral density–bone mineral health–hypovitaminosis D–25(OH) D–parathormone (iPTH)–rickets–vitamin D

Vitamin D & Bone Mineral Density of Healthy School Children in Northern India (Report)

Vitamin D & Bone Mineral Density of Healthy School Children in Northern India (Report) | | 4.5